Thrush and Other Yeast Infections in Children: Symptoms & Signs

Practice good hand-washing. Other at-risk individuals include: Yeast exists naturally in the mother's vagina. You are more likely to get thrush if you are in your 20s and 30s as it is less common in girls who haven't started their period and women who had gone through the menopause. Symptoms of invasive candidiasis can include fever and chills, but are not specific and depend on which organs the infection spreads to in the body. Oral thrush, they are painful, and can return from time to time. Wearing dentures , especially if they are not taken out at night, not kept clean, or do not fit well and rub on the gums. Although you can buy treatments for thrush at the chemist, it’s always best to get it diagnosed by a doctor or nurse first; this is because lots of other infections can have similar symptoms and you may not get the right treatment.

In most individuals, the yeast organism (Candida albicans) is a normal part of the many microorganisms that harmoniously reside in the oral cavity. They are normally kept in check by other bacteria and microorganisms in the body. Diaper rash, which may develop because the yeast that causes thrush also will be in the baby's stool.

It's common in babies and older people with dentures.

Medicines that weaken the body's immune system, such as corticosteroids. It is caused by an overgrowth of Candida yeast. Give it right after you feed your baby, so the medicine stays in the mouth for a while. This happens more often in people with cancer, HIV or other conditions that weaken the immune system. They then send this sample to a laboratory for testing. You may be able to help prevent some cases of thrush.

If you have had a previous thrush infection, replace your toothbrush to help prevent another infection. It can also affect the roof of the mouth, gums, tonsils or back of the throat. Antibiotics will kill harmless germs (bacteria) which live in the mouth. What causes oral candidiasis? Women who are pregnant, women taking birth control pills and those who experience persistent dry mouth (caused by systemic conditions or medications such as antidepressants) are more likely to develop a candidal infection. – malnutrition predisposes people to oral thrush; this could be caused by a poor diet or a disease that affects the absorption of nutrients. Oral thrush is due to overgrowth of a candida yeast on the moist surfaces that line the inside of the mouth and tongue. Grapefruit seed extract is sometimes used by nursing mothers who have developed thrush of the nipples.

Some adults say they feel like they have cotton in their mouth.

Testing For Thrush

Who is at risk for thrush? You have the right to help plan your care. “People who have conditions that affect the immune system are also more susceptible. The condition can affect both women and men.


Some people can get recurrent thrush others seem to only have one episode. Similarly, it can happen after the use of steroid medicines. Adults with a bacterial infection can get thrush after taking certain antibiotics that kill some of the “good” bacteria responsible for controlling the growth of Candida. Yeast infection prevention: 10 ways to prevent candidal vulvovaginitis, ask for a referral to an allergy specialist and get tested for possible triggers. This creates favorable conditions for C. The following are some of the factors that may increase the chance of the infant developing thrush: Tablet or capsules are usually taken once daily. To confirm such a diagnosis requires an endoscopy.

Candidiasis can affect the skin, mucous membranes (eg, mouth, throat), fingernails, eyes, and skin folds of the neck and armpits, as well as the diaper region (eg, vagina, folds of the groin). Your symptoms are getting worse or are not improving in spite of home treatment. Candida normally lives on the skin and inside the body, in places such as the mouth, throat, gut, and vagina, without causing any problems. See for more information.

These babies need to be carefully watched and treated if thrush develops. Complete the treatment even if you are having a period. Although rare, oral thrush can spread to other organs of the body, but this is usually limited to immunocompromised individuals. In some cases, your doctor may take a biopsy of the affected area to confirm the diagnosis.

A thrush infection is caused by a type of fungus, or yeast, known as Candida albicans.

Ways You Can Help

A healthcare provider might prescribe antifungal medicine without doing an endoscopy to see if the patient’s symptoms get better. Oral thrush (mouth thrush) (Web Page). Cream is applied to the genital area. Bleeding after sex: 7 reasons why this happens, with an ectopic pregnancy, the embryo implants outside of the uterus, usually in one of your fallopian tubes. Why is thrush a concern during breastfeeding? Candidiasis is highly treatable with medicated ointments and other interventions.

Use a soft toothbrush to avoid scraping the lesions. Deficiencies in the immune system that result from chemotherapy, radiation treatments or HIV infection can dramatically change the balance of the protective mechanisms in the body that would otherwise fight off an oral thrush infection. Wearing dentures, especially upper dentures, or having conditions that cause dry mouth can increase the risk of oral thrush. A yeast called Candida albicans causes thrush.

Once in the blood, the yeast can travel throughout the body, causing infection of the heart, lungs, liver, kidneys, brain, and skin. If you are breastfeeding and your nipples are red and sore, there’s a chance you may have a yeast infection on your nipples, and that you and the baby are passing it back and forth. It causes white or yellowish bumps to form on the inner cheeks and tongue. It usually causes no harm. Thrush is most common in newborns because their immune systems are still developing.

More Information

In most cases, doctors can diagnose thrush just by looking at the white patches. Open search, your doctor may prescribe a topical anti-fungal treatment, or an oral pill to treat your yeast infection systemically. Conditions and concerns that increase the risk include HIV/AIDS, diabetes mellitus, chronic illness, leukemia, lymphoma, cancer, poor oral health, and ill-fitting dentures. Using sterile wooden spatulas, the lesion is scraped for a sample and tested; Imprint culture:

The gel or drops should be used after you have eaten or drunk. Healthcare providers usually diagnose candidiasis in the esophagus by doing an endoscopy. Vaginal yeast infections are caused by the same fungus that causes oral thrush. Get proper treatment for health problems that increase your risk of thrush, like diabetes or HIV/AIDS. Clean your dentures regularly as instructed. There are many candida species, but albicans causes most human infections and is almost always the cause of thrush.

If your doctor thinks that another health problem, such as diabetes, may be related to your thrush, you may also be tested for that condition. When your immune system is working properly, beneficial bacteria in your body help keep C. Chlamydia trachomatis (Trachoma, genital infections, perinatal infections, and lymphogranuloma venereum). Eating cold food and drinks and rinsing with warm salt water can help relieve discomfort.

How You Can Prevent Oral Thrush

Treatment may include a combination of pills, creams or pessaries. Cancer treatments, including chemotherapy and radiation therapy, can also damage or kill healthy cells. Thrush usually clears up on its own in infants.


This occurs when the good bacteria in your vagina can’t keep the fungus (Candida albicans) under control, creating a suitable environment for Candida albicans to increase. Smear a small amount of gel on to the affected areas, with a clean finger, four times a day. What causes a yeast infection? It’s smart to wash your hands as often as possible if you’re near someone who has thrush. This includes people living with HIV/AIDS and people who have blood cancers such as leukemia and lymphoma. Open search, women who are more likely to get vaginal candidiasis include those who:. When should you call your doctor?

Mouth and throat thrush is called oropharyngeal candidiasis. Yeast infections, your healthcare provider will ask about your symptoms and medical history. If your baby has thrush, it may help to: Thrush can also affect the vagina, skin and the head of the penis (glans). Nystatin comes in a suspension, or liquid, and in a lozenge, also called a troche. If so, you may want to talk to the doctor about using an antifungal ointment on your nipples while the baby is being treated with the antifungal solution. The lactobacilli are "good" bacteria that can help get rid of the yeast in your child's mouth.

A swab can also be taken and tested in a laboratory to confirm a diagnosis of thrush. Acidophilus capsules or liquid can also be used to treat an infection caused by oral thrush. If the baby seems to have a sore mouth or is uncomfortable feeding, check the mouth for thrush.  These patches can bleed if you try to wipe them away. Individuals with HIV are prone to severe forms of thrush in their mouth or esophagus, as well as spread of the infection to the intestines. Oral thrush is a minor problem if you're healthy, but if you have a weakened immune system, symptoms may be more severe and difficult to control. Often there are no white spots.