Vaginal Yeast Infections (for Teens)

Your health care provider may tell you that you need to take medicine every month to prevent yeast infections. If you are unfamiliar with your symptoms, see your doctor for an accurate diagnosis. You may feel more comfortable if you wear breathable cotton underwear and clothes and avoid vaginal sprays and douches. Both can make yeast infections more likely. Yeast infections are among the most common medical annoyances. But confirming you have a yeast infection, not a bacterial one, is the first step in finding relief. You want something that you will use consistently, with minimal side effects, that’s effective—and doesn’t cause yeast infections. Yes, your partner can catch it from you.

Male yeast infection: Boric acid capsules used vaginally for 2 weeks are about 70% effective at curing a yeast infection, but can cause irritation (6,9). To diagnose you correctly, your health care practitioner should take a vaginal swab for testing. It is normal to have a small amount of Candida in your vagina. Reliance on any information provided in this monograph is solely at your own risk. It’s difficult to determine exactly how prevalent they are because it is commonly self-diagnosed and treated with over-the-counter medications (2).

The symptoms of a yeast infection depend on where it is in the body. Your doctor may want to do a vaginal exam. It isn't anything like an STD. How can I prevent yeast infections? And consult your health care provider if your symptoms are not improving after treatment. The symptoms of a yeast infection in men may not be as prominent, though you might see redness and white patches along the penis as well as burning and itchy sensations. Find one that contains several different Lactobacillus strains—they have been shown to be effective against candida (Matsubara, Bandara, Mayer, & Samaranayake, 2020).

SIBO appears clinically similar to SIFO with symptoms such as bloating, diarrhea, abdominal pain, nausea, fatigue, and gas. It's usually harmless but it can be uncomfortable and keep coming back. Blisters and sores are both possible symptoms of a yeast infection. It’s not clear whether the hero here was the probiotics, the diet, or the many other recommended supplements (Otašević et al. )Keep your vaginal area clean. In some cases, yeast infections that don't go away are an early sign of HIV infection. However, in some situations, they can cause infections. Thrush sores typically appear as velvety white sores in the mouth and on the tongue.

The discharge will be odorless.

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Poor hygiene, use of antibiotics, or a weakened immune system may also be contributing factors. You cannot rely on any information provided here as a substitute for or replacement of professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Yeast infections can be easily treated with ointments or other anti-yeast (antifungal) creams. Symptoms can include just about anything: Your doctor can also give you tips on relieving burning and itching. Program completed entirely in Jacksonville.

Treatment includes oral or intravenous fluconazole, intravenous amphotericin B, or oral flucytosine. Oral thrush happens when fungus multiplies in the mouth or on the tongue, most commonly in babies. Yeast infections aren’t considered STIs, but they can still be contagious. A range of yeast infection treatments are available for purchase over the counter or online. If you’re using a vaginal treatment, you should abstain from sex until the infection has been completely treated — these medications can weaken condoms and diaphragms.

A rash can occur from the yeast infection that can then form sores or blisters. Several things may cause an overgrowth of yeast. Although yeast infections may spread from one sexual partner to the other, it’s rare. The fungus candida albicans is responsible for most vaginal yeast infections.

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For infrequent recurrences, the simplest and most cost-effective management is self-diagnosis and early initiation of topical therapy. Topical antifungal medications, such as clotrimazole or miconazole, are considered safe for use during pregnancy. And treatment is simple. Once you get a yeast infection, you’re also more likely to get another one. Wait, your sweet tooth may be causing issues with your — vagina? If you are sick or taking antibiotics, it can multiply and cause an infection.

Men who are immune compromised, have diabetes, or are uncircumcised may be more susceptible to yeast infections (CDC, 2020). In most cases, antifungal medications will easily clear up any infection. But vaginal yeast infections are not the only type of infection caused by an overgrowth of yeast. The three most common forms of vaginitis are yeast infections, bacterial vaginosis (BV), and trichomoniasis. This powerful single-dose product is available in the Ovule® form for use day or night and will stay in place during daily activities, even during exercise. Avoid scratching, because this can cause breaks in the skin which can become infected. The gums, tongue, or back of the throat can also be infected. If your symptoms are mild, you may want to wait to see if they clear up on their own.

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Though yeast infections can happen to anyone at any time, there are certain things that make getting them more likely. In most cases, antifungal medicines are the go-to remedy. Yeast infections that do not heal or that keep coming back may sometimes be an early sign of diabetes. Your gym clothes may be to blame. Alcohol can dry and irritate the skin and make symptoms worse. Available as a one-, three-, or seven-day suppository or three- or seven-day cream. Sexually transmitted infections (STIs): Having diabetes, especially if your blood sugars are not well controlled and tend to be high.

Since candida is a fungus, it prefers to grow on warm, moist areas of the body, such as the mouth, gut, vagina, and skin surfaces like the armpit or groin. People at higher risk include babies, people who wear dentures, and those who are taking antibiotics or getting cancer treatment. A yeast infection is caused by yeast on the skin or mucous membranes. The infection can cause itching, pain, or burning. If the symptoms don’t go away after treatment, it may be a different kind of infection and should be checked by a healthcare provider.

What Increases Your Risk

You can lower your risk of getting a yeast infection by: While there have been no scientific studies to confirm this (see the lifestyle section), eating a healthier diet with less processed food and added sugars will almost certainly help you feel better, whether mentally or physically, and there seems to be little risk involved. Having an impaired immune system. Vaginal itching that is often severe.

Contact your healthcare provider if you have any of these symptoms.

Taking hormones or birth control pills with greater levels of estrogen can also upset the balance of yeast in the vagina. Candida, crusts may form on the scalp, possibly causing hair loss. This usually causes a red, itchy or painful rash that scales over with white or yellow discharge. Ranked among the top schools of pharmacy nationally, the college supports research, service and educational programs enhanced with online technologies. Usually the length of time your yeast infection is left untreated has a direct impact on how severe your symptoms may become.

More About Skin Yeast Infection

With proper treatment, the infection usually clears up in a few days to a week. Just because you don't have symptoms doesn't mean you don't have an infection. Discuss treatment options with your healthcare providers to decide what care you want to receive. Small pustules may appear, especially at the edges of the rash, and the rash may itch intensely or burn. Have pain during sex or urination. Babies whose diaper area is not kept clean and dry or who have more frequent stools are at greater risk of developing a yeast infection diaper rash, as are babies taking antibiotics or whose breastfeeding mothers are taking these medicines.

But when something happens to tip that balance, a fungus called candida can grow out of control and cause a yeast infection. If you have recurrent yeast infections — four or more within a year — you may need a longer treatment course and a maintenance plan. The yeast infection should clear up within this time frame. You’ll also want to maintain proper vaginal and sexual hygiene while limiting your use of antibiotics to situations where they are needed; see more in the lifestyle section on preventing yeast infections.

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This is sometimes referred to as chronic candida, systemic candida, or simply candida. The groin area is especially prone to Candida overgrowth because of skin folds and moisture. A vaginal yeast infection means that too many yeast cells are growing in the vagina. Or the type of yeast infection you have may respond better to one method than to the other.

It often leads to itching and other irritating symptoms. There’s some evidence suggesting that Lactobacillus acidophilus (a type of bacteria found in yogurt) and other probiotics help restore beneficial bacteria. Guys who are not circumcised need to take extra care to clean properly beneath their foreskins.

  • When there’s an overgrowth of this fungus, it can lead to yeast infection.
  • Others simply use their fingers to apply the yogurt.
  • A 1999 study found that adding a moderate amount of refined carbohydrates to the daily diet did not significantly increase candida colonization in most people, but may have increased candida in a small subgroup (Weig, Werner, Frosch, & Kasper, 1999).

Nutrients and Supplements for Yeast Infections

This article is not, nor is it intended to be, a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment and should never be relied upon for specific medical advice. If you don’t really have a yeast infection, antifungals won’t help you get better. Don’t take leftover antibiotics or someone else’s antibiotics if you think you have an infection. Sugar can cause Candida to multiply more, making the infection worse. That, plus the fact that getting it on, may delay the amount of time it takes you to heal (sex can cause the medical cream you're using to pull a disappearing act), so you may want to wait until you've been treating your infection for a few days before engaging in anything hot and heavy.

Wear underwear that helps keep your genital area dry and doesn't hold in warmth and moisture. Infection typically occurs when the normal oral environment is disturbed or altered in such a way as to promote increased yeast growth (see patients at increased risk above). That test can tell your doctor whether there is an overgrowth of yeast. What causes yeast infection sores? By feeding your gut bacteria with high-fiber foods and supplementing with probiotics when needed, you’re encouraging “good” bacteria to thrive and play defense against overgrowth of harmful bacteria and fungi. These annoying infections happen due to an overgrowth of the naturally occurring fungus Candida albicans, and they're pretty common, affecting three out of every four women in their lifetimes, according to Mayo Clinic. Have been exposed to a sexually transmitted infection (STI), which would require a medical exam.

Your provider may collect samples of cells from places where you are having symptoms, such as the mouth, vagina, or skin, to check for yeast. But there are some things that may increase the chance of developing a yeast infection, including pregnancy, uncontrolled diabetes, taking estrogen, and being in an immunocompromised state due to something like HIV or cancer (2,5). You’ll want to see your doctor if you’re pregnant and suspect a yeast infection so that you can get the right diagnosis. The oil in some medicines weakens latex, the material often used to make these devices.

Can a yeast infection be prevented?

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Your vagina's healthy balance may be upset by any of the following: For example, if the infection is a different kind, such as bacterial vaginosis (the most common cause of abnormal vaginal discharge), rather than thrush. In a study of the makeup of healthy people’s gastrointestinal tracts, their mycobiomes contained a total of 184 fungal species, which were mostly candida species (Mukherjee et al. )Sometimes anti-yeast medicine taken by mouth (orally) is used. Treating yeast in mom and baby, a diet high in sugars puts a mom who is prone to yeast infections at higher risk. How can my dentist treat a yeast infection? The discharge is often thick, white, and curd-like (almost like cottage cheese). When the infection is in the throat, a person might have trouble swallowing or feel as though something is caught in the throat.

Speak with your doctor about any clinical trial you are considering. Don't douche or use deodorant tampons or feminine sprays, powders, or perfumes. Understanding the causes and symptoms can help you get the right diagnosis and find the right treatment. Are not sure your symptoms are caused by a vaginal yeast infection.

They are often less expensive than brand-name medicines. They’re common in warm, moist areas of the body. Women who are more likely to get vaginal candidiasis include those who: A 2020 study found that yogurt might be more effective than clotrimazole (Canesten), an antifungal cream. Sexual contact can spread it, but women who aren’t sexually active can also get them. In other small studies, vaginal use of probiotic tablets seemed to be helpful in preventing future infections. Vaginal boric acid capsules are available over-the-counter.

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Oral antifungal medicines are available with a prescription and are easy to use. Treatments for yeast infections soothe the affected area and target the overgrown Candida fungus. Symptoms for all three can include some form of vaginal discharge, itching, and irritation, so it is important to understand how they are different so you can get the right treatment.

For more on candida cleanse diets, see our article with functional medicine doctor Amy Myers, MD.

To maintain a healthy mouth and prevent thrush, practice good oral hygiene by brushing your teeth twice a day. It usually first appears as a thick white or yellow vaginal discharge (leukorrhea) with itching and redness of the female genitalia (vagina and vulva). Some anti-yeast vaginal creams are sold over the counter (without a prescription) in pharmacies. But there's no scientific proof that this will prevent yeast infections. (4) Oral Candidiasis (Thrush). Many women continue to treat themselves with over-the-counter medication but don’t fully clear the infection. To reduce your risk of vaginal yeast infections, wear underwear that has a cotton crotch and doesn't fit too tightly. More research is needed to better understand this association.

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Many women have infections that come back. Doctors often prescribe a weekly dose of fluconazole (Diflucan) taken for six months. It’s very important to make sure you have a yeast infection and not another more serious infection. Women of all ages can get vaginal yeast infections, but this uncomfortable condition is more common during a woman’s childbearing years. This fungus usually causes no symptoms. Despite their prevalence, it’s important to treat vaginal yeast infections early. Taking antibiotics can also cause an overgrowth of yeast.

Wear loose cotton clothing instead. Yeast infections in the mouth and throat might not be very common. A doctor can diagnose the infection by evaluating the symptoms in your mouth and by taking a throat culture. You do not need to treat partners unless they have symptoms. You have questions or concerns about your condition or care. Although it's unpleasant in the moment, the good news is that you can clear it up with a round of antibiotics, says Abdur-Rahman. Friction from sex can cause more irritation or make it harder to heal.

  • What causes a vaginal yeast infection?
  • Unlike a yeast infection, you’ll need a prescription antibiotic to clear up BV.
  • A skin yeast infection can appear anywhere on your skin or nail beds.
  • He or she can conduct a pelvic exam and take a sample of your vaginal discharge to determine whether or not you have an overgrowth of Candida and prescribe the right treatment.
  • At the visit, write down the name of a new diagnosis, and any new medicines, treatments, or tests.
  • Babies can pass thrush from their mouths to their mother’s breasts during breastfeeding, which may result in sensitive red, cracked nipples, flaky skin, or pain during nursing.
  • They will examine the vulva (external genitalia) and may perform a speculum exam to examine the inside walls of the vagina.

Who Is At Risk For Yeast Infection?

Gynecologists. Over-the-counter or prescription antifungal creams used twice a day for between one to three weeks will clear the infection. You can get medicated creams or suppositories for yeast infections (like Monistat and other brands) at a drugstore, over-the-counter without a prescription. At the visit, your doctor might take a urine sample (to rule out a urinary tract infection) and swab some discharge from your vagina to examine under a microscope. There are several reasons you might have symptoms that are like a yeast infection. Of particular interest are coconut oil and MCTs (medium-chain triglycerides), which both have been researched for potential antimicrobial and antifungal properties with promising results. Women who have recurring yeast infections should be evaluated for other causes (such as diabetes, hormone therapy, or treatment-resistant strains of yeast) so that the cause can be treated or reversed.

Yeast infections can sometimes be treated with anti-yeast (antifungal) creams. Only 7-day topical yeast infection treatments are recommended by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) for the treatment of yeast infections in pregnant and diabetic women (consult your healthcare professional). These bacteria kill harmful organisms in the vagina and keep you healthy. You may be given antifungal medicine as a pill if your infection is severe. While yeast infections won’t hurt your baby, it’s possible to pass the Candida fungus to them during delivery. Oral candidiasis, or thrush, is usually diagnosed based on symptoms (like white or yellow patches on the tongue or in the mouth; cracks in the corner of the mouth; redness; and pain). Thrush is a common yeast infection that affects men and women.

They may even cause other problems, such as allergic reactions, in some women. For most girls, there's no way to prevent yeast infections. You may need more aggressive treatment to kill all of the candida, or it may be “azole resistant”—meaning resistant to miconazole, fluconazole, or similar antifungal medications.

Remember to use barrier methods, such as condoms, when having sex if you suspect either of you has a yeast infection.

  • It occurs due to a fungus from the Candida species.
  • Don’t increase how much you take or how often you take it without talking to your healthcare provider first.
  • Students rotate through the various clinical settings on the campus, and primary care centers and specialty care centers located throughout Jacksonville.
  • And some medicines that you use in your vagina have oil in them, which can cause condoms to break.
  • The shocking statistics — and myth-busters — may surprise you.

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When you get home, follow all the directions on the package carefully. This disorder typically occurs in people with diabetes or a weakened immune system or in otherwise healthy people whose hands are subjected to frequent wetting or washing. The symptoms of vaginal thrush include vulval itching, vulval soreness and irritation, pain or discomfort during sexual intercourse (superficial dyspareunia), pain or discomfort during urination (dysuria) and vaginal discharge, which is usually odourless.

You can help prevent a yeast infection by wearing condoms during sex.

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In most individuals, the yeast organism (Candida albicans) is a normal part of the many microorganisms that harmoniously reside in the oral cavity. Oral sex may also disrupt bacteria in the mouth, vagina, and penile areas. Doctors may also prescribe antifungal pills. Plain, natural yogurt can be smoothed onto the surface of the vagina or applied internally.

Sometimes this yeast lives in the mouth, digestive (gastrointestinal) tract, and the vagina, along with many kinds of harmless bacteria, without causing any issues. Knowing your body well and understanding your symptoms, causes, risk factors and treatment options will help you decide upon a course of action that is right for you. The prescription medication, fluconazole, is a single pill that is taken by mouth (6). A UTI is a bacterial infection that affects the urinary system. Since yeast love warm, moist environments, wearing tight clothing can boost the risk for infection. A happy stomach makes a happy mind through an intricate connection between our microbiome and our mental health. The OWH helpline does not provide medical advice.

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Yeast infection of the skin causes an itchy red rash. Weight loss is common with yeast infection treatment, cutting down on excess sugar and processed foods is also advised. If you’re not sure whether you have a yeast infection or something else, it’s important to see a doctor for the right diagnosis and treatment. There are significant differences between occasional, easily treatable yeast infections and recurrent infections that seriously affect a woman's life. When should I call my healthcare provider? Factors that increase your risk of developing a yeast infection include:

Your self-treatment is not working after one complete course of therapy. Some women also try cleaning the nipple area before and after feedings with diluted vinegar on a washcloth. It's not uncommon to have a second yeast infection, although it's rare to have repeated infections. Not all women will experience noticeable symptoms of a yeast infection. Women of all ages can get yeast infections. However, this isn’t uncommon.


Yeast infections are usually caused by an overgrowth of a type of fungus called Candida, also known as yeast. You may only have discolored patches of skin, or areas that are dry and flaking. The discharge should not have a strong odor. It’s estimated that 75% of women will have at least one yeast infection in her lifetime. Yeast can also grow on your baby’s sensitive skin in the diaper area.

4 million outpatient visits for vaginal candidiasis occur annually in the United States. If you have a weak immune system, treatment might be more difficult. Most healthy vaginas have yeast. Many people associate yeast infections with the vagina , and that is one type of yeast infection. Which explains why Monistat, the makers of a treatment cream for yeast infections, launched their Time for TMI campaign — with it being such a common infection, there's no reason for you to not understand what's happening with your vagina. Since yeast feeds on sugar, these cleaning methods prevent milk residue that could make the condition worse.

Men are more likely to develop a yeast infection if they are uncircumcised. Most yeast infections are on the surface (superficial) and easily treated; however, serious life-threatening yeast infection can develop throughout the body (systemic) in people with very weak immune systems. How are vaginal yeast infections diagnosed? This condition is called recurrent vulvovaginal candidiasis (RVVC). Tea tree oil is another promising home remedy for yeast infections. Stress, pregnancy, and illnesses that affect the immune system may allow yeast to multiply. This study will help uncover key factors related to candida and other fungal infections so they can be better understood and prevented in the future. But sexual contact sometimes leads to yeast infections — your body chemistry can have a bad reaction to another person’s natural genital yeast and bacteria, which causes yeast to grow.

What Are Causes and Risk Factors for a Yeast Infection Skin Rash?

Change pads or tampons often. Some women may also find that they are more susceptible to yeast infections around their menstrual periods. You doctor will then conduct a gynecological exam to check for redness, swelling, discharge, and odor. Yeast is normally present on the skin. See your doctor if your yeast infection symptoms don’t improve after your period ends. But some types of yeast can cause illness, such as a yeast infection in throat. Some women (about 5%) have recurrent yeast infections. Since yeast infection treatments have become available over the counter (OTC), many women simply visit the closest drugstore and buy an antifungal cream.

Mild yeast infections may clear up in as few as three days. It’s easy to confuse the symptoms of a yeast infection with those of some STDs and other vaginal infections. November 2020 Our science and research team is compiling the most significant studies and information on an array of health topics, conditions, and diseases. People can also make their own by putting no more than 600 milligrams of boric acid into a clean gel capsule.