It’s important to treat yeast infection early, especially if you’re pregnant, so that you can prevent any such complications. A 2020 review of research found that certain types of probiotics may combat some of the yeasts that cause vaginal yeast infection. What is vaginal thrush? The creams and suppositories in this regimen are oil-based and might weaken latex condoms and diaphragms. A girl has high blood sugar. Apply before the area is wetted and rinse off lightly. How are vaginal yeast infections diagnosed?

The earlier vulval problems are found, the easier they are to treat. Can I have sex when I have vaginal thrush? Candida albicans is the most common type of fungus to cause yeast infections. This is not yet certain, however. You are on a two-week walking tour in Thailand and the unthinkable happens. Therefore, it may be best to wash just with water and unscented soap and not to douche the vagina. Your partner should only be treated if they have symptoms. Yeast infection in throat, thrush can be characterized by the appearance of a white coating on the tongue, and it is the result of a Candida bacteria, or yeast, overgrowth in the body. It comes in the form of vaginal creams, pessaries (tablets you insert into your vagina) or capsules that are taken by mouth (fluconazole).

This perhaps reflects the lack of confidence in available guidelines, based on the above study. Antifungal creams or vaginal pessaries (tablets), these are put inside the vagina with a special applicator and are used from one to six days, depending on the instructions. Eating natural, unsweetened yogurt that contains Lactobacillus acidophilus may help prevent yeast infections occurring. Care should be taken when using an applicator during pregnancy to avoid potential damage to the cervix. When clinics are at full capacity, patients asking to be seen will be triaged and those who fit our urgent criteria will be a priority.

One week's treatment with a cream from the anti-candidal group of medicines called azoles, inserted into the vagina every night, is the most effective means of eradicating the yeast from the vagina. In the study, the women used one pill a night for a week. Hydrogen peroxide is produced by Lactobacillus bacteria in the vagina and is part of the biological activity against yeast, according to the CDC. Compared with research into uncomplicated thrush, the published studies for recurrent thrush are few and of poorer quality. It’s a good idea to do a patch test on a small area of skin before applying them to larger areas of the body.

The yoghurt must contain live bacteria to work. Numerous lifestyle changes have been suggested to prevent thrush. It is important to get treatment if you have an infection. Avoiding wearing tight-fitting clothing, especially clothing made from synthetic materials.

  • Avoid spermicidal condoms.
  • The diagnosis of vaginal candidiasis can be confirmed on high vaginal swab.
  • Thrush can be diagnosed by examination of the affected area.


Although thrush is treatable, using over-the-counter tablets, creams and pessaries, it often returns and can become a chronic problem which won't go away. Yeast infections aren’t considered STIs, but they can still be contagious. A tampon should be soaked in this mixture for a few minutes, then insert and change every 2-4 hours during the day.

The best choice would be to buy these tea tree vaginal suppositories here.

Symptoms Of Vaginal Thrush

Topical antifungals are safe to use during pregnancy. A girl wears clothing (especially underwear) that's too tight or made of materials like nylon that trap heat and moisture. Have lower tummy (abdominal) pain. They contain anti-yeast medicines such as clotrimazole, econazole, miconazole or fenticonazole. But there's no scientific proof that doing these things prevents yeast infections. It can add to the itch, redness, discomfort, or pain around the vulva. There are other causes for vaginal itching, such as eczema, so women should be properly examined before starting treatment.

Swab results can be misleading and should be repeated if symptoms suggestive of candida infection recur. In general, you can use these topical treatments if you are pregnant but you should always check with your doctor or pharmacist. Pregnant women are also more prone to yeast infections. How did I get vaginal thrush? Try increasing your intake of vitamin C to boost your body’s ability to beat the yeast infection. There are other causes of vaginal discharge.

Thrush is the second most common cause of a vaginal discharge.

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If you have thrush, you may also find the following things help to relieve your symptoms: They can help treat an overgrowth caused by an imbalance. If you have recurrent vaginal thrush you should never self-treat. Always wipe from the front (vagina) to the back (anus) after toileting. Others find their self-esteem and confidence suffers when the condition flares up. Non-urgent advice: However, there are many other conditions of the vagina and vulva that have symptoms in common with thrush, so if there is the slightest doubt about the diagnosis, it is essential that your doctor takes a vaginal swab and sends it for analysis before treatment is started. For VVT caused by fungus other than C.

Candida can lead to genital symptoms in men and women. Take garlic as a supplement when you are trying to eliminate an attack of thrush and as prevention if you are prone to attacks. Vaginal thrush (Web Page). Certain bacteria (lactobacillus) act to prevent an overgrowth of yeast. Vaginal thrush is part of the Think Pharmacy Minor Ailments Scheme so your local Pharmacist can recommend and prescribe treatment. Have symptoms that are not entirely the same as a previous bout of thrush.

Most bouts of thrush are caused by C. They may also give you a prescription you can use whenever the symptoms return, or suggest trying a longer course of treatment lasting up to six months. Single capsule oral treatments for vaginal thrush, are available over-the-counter in pharmacies. A test can be done at: If left untreated, these conditions can increase your risk of getting other STIs and can lead to problems getting pregnant. How do you prevent vaginal thrush?

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A test strip is placed into the vagina and then the colour change indicates if thrush is likely or not. Fact or fiction?: a clove of garlic can stop a vaginal yeast infection. The doctor diagnoses the condition by inspecting the affected area and recognising a typical clinical appearance. But, if you are prone to this problem and you are prescribed antibiotics then have some anti-thrush treatment ready to use at the first sign of thrush. Some websites recommend inserting garlic in the vagina, but burns and significant pain have been reported. Vaginal thrush is treated with medications you can buy over the counter from a pharmacy, or get on prescription from your GP.

Visiting the doctor is important for a woman experiencing recurrent thrush to ensure the correct diagnosis has been made and appropriate treatment is prescribed. You may not have used the treatment correctly. Thrush isn't usually anything to worry about in these cases, but we may want to take a swab from your vagina to confirm the diagnosis and/or carry out tests to check for any underlying cause.

Thrush Is Not Sexually Transmitted

Although women can effectively be treated with medications available over the counter, there are about 5% for whom the symptoms recur or never go away. Yeast infection in women Yeast infections are extremely common in women. Yeast infections are simple to diagnose. Vaginal thrush, sometimes called yeast or candida infection, is caused by the over-growth of the organism Candida albicans. Zinc is also used for any infection. It is harmless, but it can be uncomfortable.


Use only water-based lubricants. Thrush is more common during pregnancy and in people who have diabetes or HIV. Symptoms can include: Other natural treatments include tea tree oil and garlic. However, not all diaper rashes are the result yeast overgrowth. Some treatments can also weaken latex condoms and diaphragms (see above), so you may want to avoid having sex or use another form of contraception during treatment and for a few days afterwards. Capsules aren't recommended because they could harm your baby. These are not to be taken by pregnant women.

Tea tree oil is incredibly powerful.

Loose-fitting, natural-fibre underwear may be better.


Candida yeast is normally harmless and resides in the vagina with a variety of other microbial organisms, including bacteria, which keep each other in balance. Has had 4 or more yeast infections in a year. There is insufficient evidence to support dietary changes such as eliminating high sugar foods and/or foods containing yeast in the prevention of thrush (20).


When should you see your doctor quickly? Vaginal thrush is caused by an overgrowth of the yeast Candida albicans. Even if your period starts you can still use these creams. Many types of yeast and bacteria naturally live in the vagina and rarely cause problems.

If you get recurrent vaginal thrush and are unsure what is causing it, discuss your symptoms with your doctor. Treatment is available from your Unichem Pharmacist without a prescription. A yeast called candida albicans is the most common cause of these infections. Candida is a yeast-like fungus that lives in warm, moist places such as the mouth, bowel, vagina and the foreskin of the penis.

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There is also the choice of oral tablets, which are more expensive and not recommended for pregnant women. Three out of four women are thought to develop thrush at least once and 6% suffer repeatedly, scientists say. If you don’t like yogurt, then take probiotics. This means your contraception might not work. Treatment is usually needed for longer during pregnancy.

People can mix 3-5 drops of oil of oregano essential oil in 1 ounce of sweet almond oil, warmed coconut oil, or olive oil.

Because the four episodes have to be identified with a swab test, research into this area is difficult and costly. They may also ask if you’ve ever had an STI. Thrush can cause significant discomfort and influence a women’s self-esteem and sex life.

Golden seal is also thought to help support the liver and digestive system.

Common Conditions

You won’t be able to take oral antifungal medications due to possible birth defects. Women who are found to have trichomoniasis should also consider being tested for other STIs. Boric acid Boric acid is a powerful antiseptic that some women claim is useful for treating yeast infections that are resistant to other remedies. Sorbolene (with or without glycerine) is probably the cheapest and is very effective. In some cases, after 20 or 30 episodes, the infection can become resistant to standard drugs, leaving women with few treatment options. The pubic mound is the rounded, fleshy area above your pubic bone. Symptoms include itching, irritation or a burning sensation in your genital area, and pain may be present during sexual intercourse. Some women are reluctant to take anti-fungal medications for long periods, as they can have some side-effects, including abdominal pain.

Look over each area for anything that seems abnormal for you. Even if you choose one of these external methods, it’s a good idea to take a good oral probiotic alongside. Yeast infection & cranberry juice, in contrast, the transcriptional changes regulating urinary biofilm development are largely unknown, although clear differences in urinary biofilm structure are evident compared to biofilms in bloodstream-like conditions [69]. Then, apply it to the skin in massage. At busy times we may need to signpost non-urgent cases to other clinics or recommend patients make an appointment for an alternative day or suggest a return visit. We can carry a developing child in our womb and we can certainly put up with a lot of pain as proven during child birth. Avoid wearing tight-fitting pants and synthetic underwear.


The symptoms of vaginal thrush can be similar to vulval cancer and include: You may need tests such as vaginal swabs (samples taken using a small ball of cotton wool on the end of a thin stick) to clarify the cause of the symptoms. Women should also avoid douching, using a tampon or vaginal medications (e. )It could turn out to be something more serious.

  • Now contrary to some people’s beliefs, vaginal thrush is not a sign of a dirty person or a sexually transmitted infection.
  • Your doctor will examine your vaginal walls and cervix.
  • Symptoms are often worse in the week before menstruation.
  • But while a vaginal yeast infection doesn’t cause long-term complications, untreated BV can.
  • They will first collect a sample of vaginal discharge with a cotton swab, which will then be sent off to a lab for study under a microscope.
  • He is a member of the Irish Medical Homoeopathic Association.


Patients should be advised to avoid tight fitting clothing and the use of soaps and shower gels. Women who suspect they may have thrush should visit their doctor, who will examine the genital area; a swab of the area can also be taken and tested. It also occurs more frequently in pregnant women. What do you think? However, remember a vaginal discharge or vulval itch can be due to a number of causes. Uptodate, what are the symptoms of a vaginal yeast infection? It also often occurs following a course of antibiotics and is common in women with diabetes. Don't give her leftover antibiotics or someone else's antibiotics or medicine because they be the wrong choice for your daughter's condition.

If you think you need to be seen at our clinic, you should: NHS inform (2020). 3 home remedies for yeast infections you should never try. Thrush can also affect men. Occasionally there may also be sores on the skin, although this is more often a sign of genital herpes. (5, ie, acidic), but candida can occur over a wide range of pH. An episode of thrush can be treated with a cream, tablet or pessary form of an anti-fungal preparation. Generally, no benefit is shown by treating the male sexual partner of women with recurrent vaginal thrush.


One of the active ingredients in garlic is called ‘allicin’, and it appears that this is the ingredient with the ability to prevent an overgrowth of yeast. It is important to change the tampon regularly. Generally, our bodies have Candida in it without any side effects as the natural secretions of the vagina control it. How can I prevent myself from getting thrush again? These bacteria normally help to limit yeast colonization. You do not need to treat partners unless they have symptoms. More than a million women in the UK are affected by the painful infection. How can you Prevent Vaginal Candidiasis?

Fungi like warm, moist, airless places, and a vagina is a perfect home for them. PHARMACIST ONLY may only be sold by a pharmacist. A women should promptly see her doctor if she: These aim to restore the balance of bacteria and yeast in the vagina. If your daughter is not feeling better within a few days of finishing treatment, call the doctor.

  • Some research reports that topically applied boric acid, along with the antifungal flucytosine, successfully treats approximately 70 percent of women.
  • Breast-feeding babies may have thrush with few symptoms.
  • Acidophilus will help promote the bacteria which normally keep the Thrush organism under control, and B group vitamins and vitamin C to help the natural immune system of the body may all be suggested.
  • Vaginal yeast infections are caused by an overgrowth of yeast within the vagina, and are very common, affecting around 75% of women at least once in their lifetime.
  • However, the natural pH balance of the vagina that keeps candida under control can be upset by many factors.
  • However, if you have assumed you have thrush and you have had treatment, but the symptoms have not gone away, you may need to have tests.
  • There are a variety of effective treatments for candidiasis.

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BV is, therefore, not actually an infection as such, but rather an imbalance. If you still have symptoms a week after starting treatment then see your doctor or nurse. How is the diagnosis of vulvovaginal candidiasis made? Thrush is a very common condition and anyone can get thrush. Research shows that a vaginal suppository containing tea tree oil may help treat vaginal infections. For best results you should take them over a period of three months, at the end of which you should be reassessed in order to monitor improvements and changes and then adjust the supplement programme according to your new condition. The subspecies and sensitivity of the yeast should be determined if treatment-resistance arises. If you have sensitive skin, do not use tea tree oil.

Candida albicans yeast lives naturally in the bowel and in small numbers in the vagina. This is done with either over-the-counter products or alternative therapies. These include avoiding sugar and other dietary measures, avoidance of tight clothing, and alteration of sexual practices. If the treatment is ineffective or symptoms recur, see your doctor for examination and advice in case symptoms are due to another cause or a different treatment is required. Recurrent thrush infections (those that have been confirmed by a doctor) may require a longer course of treatment before they go away. What if the treatment doesn't work? If you do suffer from recurrent thrush, your doctor may offer different treatment - see the separate leaflet called Treating Recurrent Thrush for more details. It is not thought that it poses any risk to the foetus though.

Consider some supplements if the diet is inadequate. Uncomplicated thrush is common. There are many factors that may trigger an attack of vaginal thrush:

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Thrush is caused when there is an overgrowth of Candida. Alcohol should also be avoided as it may interfere with the effectiveness of the treatment. A doctor will examine the genital area to look for signs of other conditions and take a swab of the vaginal discharge for laboratory testing. Vaginal redness. You can read about bacterial vaginosis and other pieces in the series here. In severe cases, the vulva may appear swollen.

Make sure your partner has been examined for Thrush to avoid re-infection. Vaginal thrush isn't classed as a sexually transmitted infection (STI), so sexual partners don't need to be informed, tested or treated if they don't have any symptoms. Asymptomatic male partners do not require treatment for thrush. In most cases, Thrush can be easily treated with a tablet taken orally or inserted into your vagina. Recurring thrush You might need to take treatment for longer (for up to 6 months) if you keep getting thrush (you get it more than twice in 6 months). Its primary causes are bacterial imbalances from douching and sex — it’s not a fungal infection like a typical yeast infection is. Not all genital complaints are due to candida, so if treatment is unsuccessful, it may because of another reason for the symptoms. Treat with an antifungal cream before each menstrual period and before antibiotic therapy to prevent relapse.

And taking antibiotics when they are not needed can make yeast infections more likely. It’s also possible to buy a test for thrush to do at home. Possible side effects can include feeling sick, an upset stomach, diarrhoea and headaches. This is especially important when considering sensitive areas such as the vagina. Sexual contact can spread it, but women who aren’t sexually active can also get them. The diagnosis is often based on the typical symptoms and signs. Sometimes thrush signs will be noticed during a cervical screening test (smear test), but you’ll only need treatment if you have problems with discharge or itching.

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Bleeding between periods or after having sex. Limit the amount of sugar and processed foods you consume. Your GP or sexual health clinic can help identify if something is causing your thrush, such as your period or sex. Their doctor may do the following investigations to ascertain the diagnosis of thrush: It affects 75% of women on at least one occasion over a lifetime. For more information about this, see our FAQ:


Call your doctor if your symptoms worsen or if new symptoms appear at any time during treatment. Examples of anti-thrush tablets are: 5 or less suggests thrush. Try to include foods high in fibre such as wholegrain cereals, fruits and vegetables, psyllium and oat bran. However, certain factors can make thrush more likely to develop. This condition can be painful, reoccurring and can be very unpleasant at the best of times. Yeast infection tests: medlineplus lab test information, would he connect the dots and order a stool test to check for gut dysbiosis? This can be a tablet you take, a tablet you insert into your vagina (pessary) or a cream to relieve the irritation.