Yeast Infections (Vaginal & Others): Everything You Need to Know

However, women may self-diagnose themselves incorrectly; other vaginal infections such as bacterial vaginosis may present similar symptoms, so it’s a good idea to call your doctor before reaching for an over-the-counter treatment, especially if you’ve never had a yeast infection before. Tea tree is the common name used for all species of Melaleuca, Leptospermum, Kunzea, and Baeckea plants (Guenther 1972). Available as a one-, three-, or seven-day suppository or three- or seven-day cream. There is some support for the theory that RVVC results from an especially intense inflammatory reaction to colonization. The discharge is often thick, white, and curd-like (almost like cottage cheese). Thrush is a common yeast infection that affects men and women.

The classic symptoms of a vaginal yeast infection include burning and itching of the vaginal tissue and vulvar area (tissue outside the vagina).  It needs to be diagnosed by your doctor to rule out other causes of the symptoms, but it can usually be effectively treated with an over-the-counter product. The doctor diagnosed Angela with a yeast infection.

In extreme cases, you can get fissures or sores on your vagina or vulva.

There’s no noticeable discharge, but you might see a small amount of blood in your urine. Otherwise, use a water-soluble lubricating jelly (such as K-Y Jelly) to reduce irritation. Your hormones can be all over the charts during pregnancy. Yeast infection vs. Yeast infections can usually be cured easily in a few days with anti-fungal medicine.

You need a prescription from your doctor to get the yeast infection pill. These treatments have not been well studied. A yeast infection causes itching or soreness in the vagina and sometimes causes pain or burning when you urinate or have sex. After having unprotected sex with a partner who has a yeast infection, you may have more than the normal amount of yeast in your vagina. Using antibiotics. Established in 1923, the College of Pharmacy is the oldest college in the UF Academic Health Center. Tampons can absorb the medicine.

Footer Navigation

All of this might make it sound like UTIs should be classified as sexually transmitted infections, but they’re not. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), Office on Women's Health: You can lower your risk of getting a yeast infection by: An oral antifungal drug (e. )This content is reviewed periodically and is subject to change as new health information becomes available. Symptoms include redness, irritation, and discharge. Having diabetes, especially if your blood sugars are not well controlled and tend to be high.

Urrutia says it is possible to have an STI and yeast infection or BV at the same time. In longstanding infection, the area underneath the nail may turn white or yellow, and the nail plate may separate from the nail bed (onycholysis). If you have a vaginal yeast infection, your doctor can prescribe treatment to clear up the symptoms in a couple of days and cure the infection within a week. Can vaginal yeast infections be prevented?

In men—especially uncircumcised men—yeast infections can cause a rash on the head of the penis. It thrives in an acid environment and is often the side effect of antibiotics, or it may occur during pregnancy or when a woman is immune compromised or diabetic. Poor ventilation in the genital area may exacerbate or perpetuate (but not cause) yeast infections. Boric acid capsules used vaginally for 2 weeks are about 70% effective at curing a yeast infection, but can cause irritation (6,9). Opt for a deodorant-free pad or liner if menstruating or just to protect your clothes from leakage, and change it often to prevent additional moisture build-up.

There may be severe redness, swelling, and itching, leading to skin fissures or sores.

Home Remedies and Lifestyle

The following treatments are typically recommended: When can I have sex again? Sex with a yeast infection can be painful, and it may hurt when you pee. It can take 1-2 days before someone feels relief from their symptoms. Yeast grows best in a warm, moist environment: Candida can overgrow for many reasons.

  • A yeast infection is caused by having too many yeast organisms in the vagina or on the penis.
  • How can I keep from getting another infection?
  • Ask your doctor whether it’s safe to have sex while you are being treated.
  • A healthcare provider can tell you if you have vaginal candidiasis and how to treat it.
  • Even if you think your vaginal infection is due to an overgrowth of yeast, it’s smart to speak with your doctor first.


While it’s possible to have one or the other, or even both infections at the same time, UTIs and yeast infections are two different conditions. It can make it hard or painful to swallow. However, they can develop into more serious infections in some cases. Antifungal medicines that you take as a pill by mouth affect the entire body (so it can also treat any yeast infection elsewhere in the body). To help keep your vaginal area dry, try switching to all-cotton underwear and make sure you carefully dry off after you shower.

Profile Menu

You must see a doctor to get antibiotics. This is especially important when considering sensitive areas such as the vagina. It is difficult to know the true percentage of women affected by yeast infections; they are frequently diagnosed without an examination and many women treat themselves with over-the-counter yeast treatments before seeking medical advice.

What Causes A Yeast Infection?

A prescription yeast infection medication taken by mouth. In men, a yeast infection may be called penile candidiasis or balanitis. Small amounts of yeast can be found in the normal vagina. When you have diabetes, there is too much sugar in your urine and the vagina is impacted by this surplus of sugar.

He or she will give you a pelvic exam and take a sample of your discharge.


The rash itself is bright red, raised, and bordered by small red bumps. Recurring yeast infections are common, especially if you are pregnant, have diabetes, or have a weakened immune system. The symptoms of a yeast infection depend on where it happens on your body. Do not wear tight-fitting or synthetic-fiber clothes. Your doctor may take a sample for examination. What if I get yeast infections all the time? Oral candidiasis, or thrush, is usually diagnosed based on symptoms (like white or yellow patches on the tongue or in the mouth; cracks in the corner of the mouth; redness; and pain).


These bacteria normally help to limit yeast colonization. Fluctuations in hormones are thought to be a cause of yeast infections before your period, causing imbalances in healthy bacteria in the vagina. Conditions that spur the growth of candidiasis will also need to be changed in order to get rid of the vaginal infection completely. Sometimes, women have pain when they pee as the urine passes over the sore tissues. Infection occurs when too much yeast begins to grow. Douching does not cure yeast infections, and may actually make them worse. Urrutia says it’s OK to try an over-the-counter (OTC) antifungal medication before making an appointment with your doctor—as long as the medication is longer than a one-day treatment.

A It largely depends on what caused the Candida overgrowth. One good choice is cotton underwear. A large number of antifungal agents are currently available for the treatment of vulvo-vaginal candidiasis. They might also feature urine that smells like ammonia, Alyssa Dweck, M. Some health care providers may recommend home remedies for yeast infections. Despite the lack of evidence, wearing cotton underwear and loose fitting clothing is often recommended as a preventive measure. But when the balance of bacteria and yeast changes, the yeast cells can multiply.

Other treatments may be needed for infections that are more severe, that don’t get better, or that keep coming back after getting better. Check for total IgG, IgM, IgA antibodies to see if your immune system is mounting a response to an infection—i. At the visit, your doctor might take a urine sample (to rule out a urinary tract infection) and swab some discharge from your vagina to examine under a microscope.

  • However, there is a careful balancing act constantly happening within your body and when it tilts one way or another, you may become sick.
  • You won’t be able to take oral antifungal medications due to possible birth defects.
  • The MONISTAT® 1 Ovule® Treatment on the other hand, begins to relieve symptoms in 4 hours because it works at the site of the infection.
  • These treatments include more doses of fluconazole taken by mouth or other medicines applied inside the vagina, such as boric acid, nystatin, or flucytosine.

Find a Doctor

Most people also have Candida in their mouth and lower intestinal tract. The acidic balance of the vagina can be changed by your menstrual period, pregnancy, diabetes, some antibiotics, birth control pills, and steroids. Vaginal yeast infections can cause: Sometimes a menstrual period will relieve the symptoms of a mild yeast infection. Can I get this infection again? There is a self-spit test (find it with simple Google search)—which doesn’t have a lot of scientific data around it—that I know many of my patients have done on their own before coming into the office. When C albicans in the vagina multiplies to the point of infection, this infection can cause vaginal inflammation, irritation, odor, discharge, and itching. Data, though, is actually lacking to determine the true rate of vaginal yeast infections (4).

Some types of “yeast” infections are harder to treat and are caused by other species. If you believe you may have a yeast infection, Dr. The 3 most common are: Also, over-the-counter medicine should not be used by anyone younger than 12 or girls who might be pregnant without talking to a doctor first. In the meantime, wearing loose fitting clothing and trying to stay cool may help soothe the itch and discomfort. There are other office-based tests for evaluating vaginal discharge.