Yeast infections: Causes, symptoms, and treatment

You can recognize it by the severe vaginal itchiness, white vaginal discharge, and, sometimes, painful urination. In conjunction with the establishment of these centers, studies of chronic vaginitis have been undertaken and new approaches to the problem have been investigated. At some point in their lives, three out of every four women will experience vaginal candidiasis.

  • Pregnant women are also at greater risk, because they have higher levels of estrogen – which is thought to cause the vagina to produce more glycogen, which hikes the risk for a yeast infection.
  • Among the complications include fertility issues and premature delivery (if you get infected while pregnant), and a higher risk of contracting STIs.

 Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) such as gonorrhea and herpes can also be mistaken for yeast infections. Domb says there have been several documented reasons why women develop yeast infections. That’s when yeast can proliferate and cause infection. Fortunately, the symptoms of a yeast infection usually disappear completely with the right treatment. Depending on the product, the treatment may be for external or internal use and treat the infection with:

Yeast infections are caused from an overgrowth of the Candida fungus. Researchers found no link between Candida in the men's specimens and Candida at the women's vulva, rectum or tongue. How is a yeast infection diagnosed? Pain or discomfort during sexual intercourse.

Some health care providers may recommend home remedies for yeast infections. Treatment may take from 1 to 7 days days. (1) Candidiasis of the Skin (Cutaneous Candidiasis or Cutaneous Moniliasis). How to heal a vaginal yeast infection, side note about oil pulling:. Using scented sanitary products and douching can upset the healthy balance of bacteria in the vagina and make yeast infections more likely.

Women are more prone to genital yeast infections, with 75 percent experiencing at least one in their lives.

Yeast Infection Essential Oils

The lesions are usually rimmed with small, red-based pustules and they commonly appear in folds of the skin; i. These infections are very common. Thrush in horses, when these materials decompose in wet paddocks, they can change the pH of the soil and foster the growth of bacteria that cause thrush as well as abscesses. In men, a yeast infection may be called penile candidiasis or balanitis. A vaginal yeast infection, also known as candidiasis, is a common condition. – Women may blame their husbands or boyfriends for headaches, tears and stress.

The medical name for a yeast infection is "candidiasis," because they’re usually caused by a type of yeast called candida. Why am i getting so many yeast infections? Salzarulo diagnosed me with candidiasis, a fungal infection caused by an overgrowth of yeast. Are not sure your symptoms are caused by a vaginal yeast infection. If you think you have a vaginal yeast infection, speak with your doctor to discuss your treatment options.

  • Being overweight.
  • A single applicator of cream.
  • You would need another prescription medicine to treat the infection.

How do I treat a yeast infection if I'm pregnant?

When you're experiencing it, you'll most likely notice other symptoms, including redness and swelling in the vulva, reports the Cleveland Clinic. What triggers such an imbalance? Avoid scented products such as bubble baths, feminine hygiene sprays, pads or tampons. Three out of every four women will have at least one vaginal yeast infection at some point, and up to half of all women will have more than one. You may feel more comfortable if you wear breathable cotton underwear and clothes and avoid vaginal sprays and douches. Though yeast infections can happen to anyone at any time, there are certain things that make getting them more likely. Your treatment may be given in one dose or daily for several days, depending on the brand.

Doctors may also prescribe antifungal pills. It’s often impossible to pinpoint the reason someone gets a yeast infection. Table 1 lists differential diagnoses with the pertinent features of the histories and physical examinations. Oral sex may also disrupt bacteria in the mouth, vagina, and penile areas. Eating foods that contain acidophilus bacteria (like yogurt with live cultures or kombucha tea) may also help prevent yeast infections, Hudepohl says. These include avoiding douching and scented bath products, wearing clothes that are looser in the crotch, wearing cotton-crotch underwear rather than synthetic, and changing your tampon, pad, or panty liner often.

Explore Everyday Health

Some experts believe the fungus is "hanging out," waiting for an opportunity "like a change in diet, a change in the normal flora of the vagina, sexual activity and other events" to cause an infection, Sullivan explains. If you have diabetes, you may also find that you experience frequent or chronic yeast infections if your blood sugar is not well controlled. Vaginitis, a sample of vaginal discharge can be taken during a wet mount test. He or she may scrape off a bit of skin or remove part of a nail and examine it to confirm the diagnosis.

If not treated correctly, these conditions can cause serious health complications. According to Bustle, the best way to prevent yeast infections is changing up your diet and personal hygiene. Using this diagnostic approach, the majority of women with chronic vaginitis can be accurately diagnosed. Some research reports that topically applied boric acid, along with the antifungal flucytosine, successfully treats approximately 70 percent of women. He or she may do some tests to see if your yeast infections are being caused by another health problem, such as diabetes. An oral antifungal drug (e. )

What treatments are available for vaginal yeast infection? A blood test to find out if you may have diabetes or another health problem that makes you more likely to get yeast infections. Candidiasis (yeast infection), , and Daniel W. The vulva may be red and swollen. The vaginal discharge usually is white, lumpy, and has no odor. Use good oral hygiene to help prevent yeast infection in your mouth (thrush). But when something happens to tip that balance, a fungus called candida can grow out of control and cause a yeast infection. Take antibiotics only as directed by your health care provider.


Overgrowth of yeast can result from: The most common yeast infection in a baby is a diaper rash. However, the following people should not try to treat themselves: Some studies estimate that about 20 percent of asymptomatic, healthy women have Candida living in their vaginas, according to a report published in the journal The Lancet. Natural remedies for yeast infections, this overgrowth triggers irritation, inflammation, itching, and painful discharge. Yeast already live on and in your body.


Yeast infections of the nails are treated with an oral anti-yeast medicine. The yeast can then overgrow. If you’re concerned about transmission, talk to your doctor about all the ways yeast infections could be contagious in your situation.

Domb says if women see irregular discharge, they may automatically assume it’s a yeast infection. Over-the-counter options include clotrimazole, miconazole, and tioconazole. It is not classed as a sexually transmitted infection (STI). Three primary theories have been proposed to explain why some women develop RVVC. Others believe gluten is the culprit (“the whipping boy,” she says), while some think sex is partially to blame. Make sure you follow the directions and use all of the medicine, even if your symptoms go away before you finish. Symptoms of a vaginal yeast infection are more likely to occur during the week before a menstrual period.

These medications are used vaginally for 1-7 days. However, this number may represent an overestimate because patients in this study had been initially screened by telephone and were only evaluated and included in the study if they had symptoms consistent with vulvovaginal candidiasis. The OWH helpline does not provide medical advice.

Indeed, at least 20 percent of the partners of women with RVVC harbor the same yeast species in their mouth, fingers or genital area.

What Causes A Yeast Infection?

While a nuisance, early treatment can help clear up your yeast infection before your period starts. If it has a cottage cheese-like consistency, it’s likely to be yeast. According to the U. A weakened immune system, certain health conditions, some lifestyle habits, and antibiotics may up your risk of developing a yeast infection. If you are unfamiliar with your symptoms, see your doctor for an accurate diagnosis. Eat unsweetened yogurt with live bacterial culture (Lactobacillus acidophilus). Taking antibiotics, for example, may kill the beneficial bacteria that prevent yeast from proliferating.

You can help by: 2 RVVC remains the most common problem encountered in such centers, although the proportion of women with this condition (28 percent) is smaller than might be expected. How to get rid of a recurring yeast infection, factors that may cause a disruption in the balance of bacteria and yeast include:. Without treatment, a UTI can lead to more serious complications of the kidneys. If sexual intercourse is painful, avoid it.

Health Solutions From Our Sponsors

“And that's why talking to their provider about what is happening with their symptoms is most important. 14 When treating women with RVVC, controlling any underlying medical conditions may be helpful. Antifungal treatments in the form of creams or pessaries can be purchased over the counter to treat yeast infections.

Uncomplicated thrush is when there are less than four episodes in a year, the symptoms are mild or moderate, it is likely caused by Candida albicans, and there are no significant host factors such as poor immune function. Certain types of bacteria that live naturally in the vagina usually keep C albicans from growing out of control. Yeast infection is caused by yeast on the skin or mucous membranes. Yeast infections can be treated either by placing medication into the vagina or by taking a pill. Women with immune-suppressing diseases such as diabetes and HIV infection also are at increased risk. While the pill is less messy, the creams start relieving symptoms faster. He or she can conduct a pelvic exam and take a sample of your vaginal discharge to determine whether or not you have an overgrowth of Candida and prescribe the right treatment. If an OTC treatment didn’t work (or you’re unsure you have a yeast infection in the first place), ask your gyno for a yeast culture.

A female hormone produced by the ovaries.


It is often reported that 3 in 4 women will experience at least one vaginal yeast infection in their lifetime and 1 in 2 will have more than one. If this environment changes, the balance between fungus and bacterial growth can lead to fungal overgrowth and inflammation. This is because the symptoms might be due to an infection (such as bacterial vaginosis or an STI) that needs a completely different antibiotic or treatment. Many women fear they've caught a sexually transmitted infection rather than a run-of-the-mill yeast infection. If you are pregnant, see a doctor before starting any treatment. Having a condition such as poorly controlled diabetes or can lead to too much yeast growing in the vagina. Have any other symptoms that may point to a vaginal infection.

Invasive Infections

If you have risk factors for an STI, discuss your symptoms with your doctor before using a nonprescription medicine. Drugs that treat certain types of infections. Home remedies are also common, including eating yogurt and probiotics, or even extremes like placing garlic cloves in the vagina to ward off yeast.

When something happens to change the balance of these organisms, yeast can grow too much and cause symptoms. What can cause vaginitis? Taking an antibiotic or being sick Medicines kill bad bacteria, but also deplete stores of good bacteria needed to keep yeast in check. A vaginal yeast infection causes itching and burning of the vulva – the external area of the vagina – and pain during sex, while also producing a white, lumpy, odorless discharge. Do not use anti-yeast medications without seeing your health care provider, unless you’ve been diagnosed by an HCP more than once, so you’re really sure of the symptoms and signs. Uti or yeast infection: what’s the difference?, thrush is caused by an overgrowth of Candida albicans, a yeast found naturally in the intimate area and the gut. Being overweight can also contribute to yeast infections, both in the vagina and in the folds of the genital area, as can eating a diet high in sugar (a food source for yeast). Keep areas where skin rubs up against skin dry and try to reduce friction. Vaginal candidiasis is common.

The Latest

Once you know that, you and your doctor can move on to other possible causes. Furthermore, in women who experienced a recurrence after taking prolonged courses of systemic ketoconazole for RVVC and who experienced a recurrence following cessation of therapy, the recurrence often occurred in the presence of negative rectal cultures for yeast. In men—especially uncircumcised men—yeast infections can cause a rash on the head of the penis.

A woman who sees her doctor about vaginal symptoms can expect to have a pelvic exam. A health care provider will use a cotton swab to take a sample of your vaginal discharge. Yeast infection creams, ointments, and suppositories are available either over-the-counter (without a prescription) or with a prescription.

If you don’t have problems, there’s no reason to stop doing or using any of these things, she says.)

  • There may be severe redness, swelling, and itching, leading to skin fissures or sores.
  • Infants and children can also get yeast infections.
  • When sexual activities were looked at, however, the researchers found women who had recurrences were more likely to have participated in cunnilingus (or oral sex given to the woman) or masturbation of the woman with saliva in the past month.
  • All of these types of medicine can clear up your symptoms in a couple of days and cure the infection within a week.
  • Most infections can be cleared up quickly and easily.
  • When you get home, follow all the directions on the package carefully.
  • An infection occurs when something happens to allow the Candida fungus to outnumber the healthy bacteria in your vagina.

Key Points About Yeast Infection

The use of douches or perfumed vaginal hygiene sprays may also increase a woman's risk of developing a vaginal yeast infection. Keep blood sugar under control if you have diabetes. It often leads to itching and other irritating symptoms.

It's easy to confuse the symptoms of a yeast infection with those of some STDs and other vaginal infections.

This is a mistake she sees a lot, and it can lead to unintended consequences. Because of that, Mason says they could experience an itching or burning sensation, redness, and small white spots on the skin. Studies have shown that up to 20% to 50% of all women normally carry yeast in the vagina without the presence of symptoms. Your doctor will conduct a pelvic exam to look for swelling and discharge. It's easy to guess wrong about a vaginal infection.

This is the most serious Candida infection. What is atrophic vaginitis? An overgrowth of C. And repeat infections can be a sign of a more serious underlying health issue, such as diabetes. Vaginal boric acid capsules are available over-the-counter. Importance of using proper terms when discussing genitals with kids It’s a vagina, not a hoo hoo: Your health care professional also may suggest other tests. Vaginitis is an inflammation of the vagina.