How to Prevent Yeast Infections from Antibiotics: 14 Steps

They can be purchased over-the-counter (OTC) or with a prescription, and take the form of an antifungal cream, ointment, suppository, or medicated tampon. Vaginal yeast infections, aka vaginal candidiasis, are caused by an overgrowth of the fungus Candida albicans. Only recently have scientists discovered that garlic’s little bulbs are packed with antioxidants, so eating plenty of garlic should also help keep your immune system running at full steam. Many women have infections that come back. Yeast infections are caused by the Candida Albicans strain of fungus in the human body. Common symptoms of vaginal infection include: Sabourin believes that oral contraceptives can cause yeast infections with their ability to harbor the overgrowth of candida. After the infection has cleared up and any sores have healed, it may be helpful to use a starch-free drying powder, or Nystatin powder to prevent a recurring infection.

“Some IUDs, diaphragms and spermicides – those can also increase ladies’ risk of yeast infections,” Parnell notes.

The following treatments are typically recommended: One of the most common causes of a rash is genital skin irritation that may occur when soap is not rinsed off the skin or when tight-fitting or wet clothes rub against the skin. The candida cure, [36] While it is not yet clear, this alteration may be the source of symptoms generally described as the irritable bowel syndrome,[37][38] and other gastrointestinal diseases. Women with poorly controlled blood sugar are at greater risk of yeast infections than women with well-controlled blood sugar.

Have lower abdominal pain and a fever higher than 101°F (38. )She received her Master of Science in Nursing (MSN) from the University of Tennessee in 2020. It's not clear why some women get chronic or recurring yeast infections, but there are several risk factors that can predispose you to it, such as pregnancy, birth control pills, estrogen therapy, regular antibiotic use, diabetes, and conditions that affect your immune system, particularly HIV. You can insert a cream or suppository antifungal cream into your vagina or take a pill by mouth.

They will look to see if the vulva or vagina appear red, swollen, or if any discharge is present (6).

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So train your vagina to say no to scented bubble baths, fruity body wash and colored or printed toilet paper. What causes a vaginal yeast infection? Probiotics are generally measured in billions of active cultures rather than milligrams (mg). There are precautions you can take to reduce the likelihood of yeast infections from occurring: Yeast infections can be treated either by placing medication into the vagina or by taking a pill. Others suggest using vaginal or oral yogurt, which is a controversial method of preventing yeast infections. Q What does a normal vaginal microbiome look like? Sexually transmitted infections (STIs), such as chlamydia or gonorrhea.

That means avoiding fruit juices, sweetened breakfast cereals, ice cream, and desserts as well as anything made with high-fructose corn syrup, like soft drinks and packaged cookies or candy. A change in your normal vaginal discharge may be the first sign of a vaginal problem. There is evidence in the medical literature that probiotics can decrease the risk of candida overgrowth (Drisko 2020, Payne 2020, Kopp-Hoolihan 2020, Lykova 2020).

Itching, burning, and discomfort are only a few of the symptoms associated with yeast infections.

Should I use an over-the-counter medication to treat a yeast infection?

Following the directions on the box, begin using your antifungal at the same time you start your antibiotics to prevent a yeast infection. Before your visit, write down questions you want answered. Yeast infections are one of the most common infections occurring in women. And she says that if Diflucan doesn’t work, another solution could be to use an over-the-counter antifungal cream, such as Monistat. Vaginal yeast infections are extremely common. “Antihistamines can cause the blood vessels to constrict, so there’s less blood flow and therefore less secretions throughout the body,” Dr. Seriously, dodging yeast infections is a breeze once you've got the basics down. If you’re not working out and you’re just at work or doing a lot of walking around during the day, it can be smart to take an extra pair of underwear with you in your bag and change underwear in the middle of the day.

 Some practitioners even encourage you to put plain yogurt (with the cultures) into the vagina, as this has been shown to sometimes provide relief and promote healing. While probiotics are generally thought to be safe, clinicians say yeast infection home remedies aren’t regulated by the Food and Drug Administration, and may be costly, ineffective and carry risks that aren’t fully understood or appreciated. Usually 1 tablespoon (15 millilitres) of liquid probiotic culture or one or two capsules a day. Tight clothing might trap in moisture and cause friction on your skin, making areas more susceptible to yeast overgrowth. How are yeast infections treated during pregnancy?

Pinworms that have spread from the anus to the vagina. A blood test to find out if you may have diabetes or another health problem that makes you more likely to get yeast infections. They can prescribe a more effective treatment. For example, yogurt contains Lactobacillus acidophilus, a type of bacteria that is your friend and wants you to have a happy vagina; it's known to maintain a healthy pH balance in your vag and encourage the growth of other friendly bacteria. Keep it simple. If you get yeast infections after sex regularly, condoms may help protect your natural pH. An allergic reaction or irritation from chemicals, such as those found in vaginal sprays, douches, or spermicides. For baby, consider a variety that contains more Bifidobacteria than Lactobacillus.

A There’s no way to qualify what’s “normal.

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A vaginal culture. The gelatin capsules are inserted into the vagina at night for two weeks, and serve as both an antiseptic and anti-inflammatory agent. Whatever you do, however, clear it first with your doctor; he or she may even be able to write you a prescription to the probiotics best suited to your need. What is a yeast infection? That is what yeast love: He or she may do some tests to see if your yeast infections are being caused by another health problem, such as diabetes.

If you have had a yeast infection before and can recognize the symptoms, and you aren't pregnant, you can treat yourself at home with medicines you can buy without a prescription. Taking antibiotics sometimes causes this imbalance. Vaginal medicines or douching. Symptoms such as itching, irritation, pain with urination, redness of the vaginal area, or a white, curd-like or watery discharge may occur. Treating a yeast infection is simple, but it's important to visit your doctor for the right diagnosis, because other infections can cause similar symptoms but require different treatments. Pain while urinating when urine touches irritated skin. And those symptoms can be itching, a change in odor, pain during intercourse, abnormal discharge…those are subtle ways a woman could detect a change.


This most typically involves the yeast Candida albicans, explains Dr. If you often wear leggings, gym pants or pantyhose without any underwear underneath, consider investing in some comfy cotton undies. At the risk of sounding like a middle schooler, can I just say that yeast infections are super icky? Having an impaired immune system.

More than impacting mental health, placing the body under stress can have physical effects, as well. Trichomoniasis is a condition caused by the microscopic parasite Trichomonas vaginalis. An infection can also happen if you have a weak immune system. One good choice is cotton underwear. Try to satisfy your sweet tooth with fruits like cherries, grapes, and fresh apricots or, better yet, have some sweet, crunchy carrots. There is more sugar in vaginal secretions on which the yeast can feed, causing an imbalance which results in too much yeast. In most cases, you will be prescribed oral or topical anti-fungal medications or anti-fungal vaginal tablets or pessaries to soothe the discomfort.

This will significantly reduce the risk of the Candida albicans exponentially growing into an infection.


A yeast infection can happen if your skin gets damaged. Taking antibiotics can also cause an overgrowth of yeast. Not to mention, uncomfortable. Click here for more details. Many conditions can cause a rash, sore, blister, or lump in your vaginal area (vulva). Nathan’s recommendation to avoid processed sugar, refined carbohydrates, and even naturally-occurring sugars, e. Tea tree oil and garlic both have antifungal properties, but there is not enough research to show that they are effective at treating a yeast infection (9,11). Though yeast infections have no major negative effect on pregnancy, they are often more difficult to control during pregnancy, causing significant discomfort for you.

This is called “thrush” and is effectively treated with Nystatin. This can happen if: If you are unfamiliar with your symptoms, see your doctor for an accurate diagnosis. She explains that a type of bacteria called Lactobacillus keeps the vagina slightly acidic, which keeps the yeast at bay. Your vaginal microbiome isn’t typically anything to think about…until you get a yeast infection. When more of these bugs take up residence in your body, there’s less room for yeast to multiply and cause trouble.

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It’s also found in your digestive system. You may be noticing an increase in the amount of thin, white, odd smelling discharge. Most women have a vaginal yeast infection at some time. This is because the symptoms are similar to those of other vaginal infections, which require different treatment. To correct this imbalance, Dowd echoes Dr. But they are not safe to use if you are pregnant. A little garlic near the vagina never hurt anyone.

They might be the wrong choice for your condition, and taking antibiotics when they're not needed can make yeast infections more likely. Some guys might have a slight discharge or pain with urination as well. Yeast infection in the mouth (thrush) may be treated with a medicated mouthwash. Yeast infection occurs when the normal levels of acid and yeast in the vagina are out of balance, which allows the yeast to overgrow causing an uncomfortable, but not serious, a condition called a yeast infection. However, if you have a yeast infection, you should avoid sexual activity until the infection is gone. Powell said, tetracyclines, typically used to treat acne, UTIs, STIs, etc. Have unusual vaginal itching. A woman is more likely to get yeast infections if she is pregnant or has diabetes.

Treatment will depend on the cause of the vaginitis. The number of active cultures varies widely from brand to brand. Despite the lack of evidence, wearing cotton underwear and loose fitting clothing is often recommended as a preventive measure.

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Because yeast infections are caused by a bacterial imbalance, anything that upsets the normal pH of your vagina can be the cause of your discomfort. Antibiotics increase the risk of thrush and other yeast infections because they tend to kill off the “good” bacteria along with the bad. With so many of us coming down with colds right now, odds are good that you'll be taking cold medicine soon too (or meds that treat related conditions, such as the flu, strep throat, or a sinus infection).

A yeast infection is caused by a fungus called Candida. Always wipe from front to back after using the restroom. A sample of vaginal discharge can be taken during a wet mount test. These problems include: If you have used an over-the-counter medication and your symptoms do not go away, see your health care professional.

Clothing (especially underwear) that's tight or made of materials like nylon that trap heat and moisture might make yeast infections more likely. Skip the Monistat in favor of these healthier treatments. Yeast can also “overgrow” in warm or humid conditions. More than half - 53% - of young women say they don’t know how to deal with a yeast infection, and two out of three women (66%) don’t know it can be cured with an over-the-counter treatment. Still, preventive measures may help a lot with preventing a yeast infection. Even if you have had a yeast infection before, it may be a good idea to call your health care professional before using an over-the-counter medication to treat your symptoms. Consult with your gynecologist if you have more than two yeast infections a year, or if the above precautions are not reducing the number of yeast infections you experience. Switch to high-fiber foods like whole-wheat bread, brown rice, and whole-grain pasta and cereal.


Yeast is part of the fungi kingdom. Talk with your doctor about the advantages and disadvantages of vaginal and oral medicines, including: Some vaginal infections, such as bacterial vaginosis, gonorrhea, or chlamydia, may increase your risk of complications during pregnancy. ” “I have itching. To know for sure whether that’s true, we need to have studies following more women over a greater length of time. At the visit, your doctor might take a urine sample (to rule out a urinary tract infection) and swab some discharge from your vagina to examine under a microscope. Extra estrogen in the body often leads to the production of more yeast. There’s no evidence that tampons cause problems either.

What Actually Causes Yeast Infections?

We don’t currently have enough research to know for sure, but it’s possible, and so we do recommend them for those prone to recurrent infections. What is atrophic vaginitis? Either eat it or crush a few raw cloves to make a paste out of it, which you can apply just like the coconut oil. DrSugar's posts are for informational purposes only and should not be considered medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment recommendations. Be sure to finish the entire course of treatment, as not following these instructions may lead to a reoccurrence of the infection. You may have other tests if you have vaginal yeast infections that are severe or that keep coming back (recur), such as: If you are experiencing the symptoms described in this article, call your doctor now.

Over-the-Counter and Prescription Treatments

Here’s a guide to brands containing Lactobacillus acidophilus. Natural remedies for thrush in the mouth, the most obvious symptom of oral thrush is creamy or white-colored deposits in the mouth. If you’ve been treating your yeast infection with medicine you got at the drugstore and it keeps coming back or hasn’t gone away at all, it’s important to see a health care provider. Some state that 1 dose of Diflucan does not cut it, and that they usually need 2.

Yeast infections have similar symptoms of other infections, such as STDs. 7% Non-albicans Candida (8 species): Should I Treat It Myself? How do I know for sure if I have a yeast infection? Examples of this include: A vaginal yeast infection is not considered a sexually-transmitted infection (STD), but 12% to 15% of men develop symptoms such as itching and penile rash following sexual contact with an infected partner. Liquid and vapour-phase antifungal activities of essential oils against candida albicans and non. As always, talk to your doctor before beginning any treatment plan for a yeast infection.

  • What factors increase the risk of getting a yeast infection?
  • These will be less irritating to your skin should an infection develop.
  • Speak to your doctor or pharmacist if you’re prone to yeast infections.
  • Some of these, like intestinal bacteria, are critical for our survival, whereas others, like the HIV virus that causes AIDS, can be deadly.
  • Having a condition such as poorly controlled diabetes or HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) can lead to too much yeast growing in the vagina.
  • How this works.
  • Recurrent vaginal yeast infections tend to involve non– C.

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Your doctor may also take a sample of the vaginal discharge for quick examination under a microscope in the office. A change in the balance of the yeast and bacteria that normally live in the vagina can result in vaginitis. Your vagina naturally contains a balanced mix of yeast, including candida, and bacteria. Yeast is common Yeast infections are relatively common. Use of antibiotics. Various sex practices, such as oral-to-vaginal and anal-to-vaginal contact. Which antibiotics cause yeast infections? They happen when a type of fungus called Candida, which occurs naturally in the vagina, begins to grow out of control.

Some people find soaking in an apple cider vinegar bath offers relief, as the vinegar can help restore normal acidity to the vagina. In the meantime, wearing loose fitting clothing and trying to stay cool may help soothe the itch and discomfort. That includes anything from an allergic reaction to skin conditions like dermatitis to STDs. And then another yeast infection.

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We don’t recommend that at this point. Brush and floss your teeth at least twice a day, every day. Probiotics should be taken for at least two weeks after finishing a course of antibiotics to ensure that your good bacteria reach effective levels. A recent Italian study proved that a group of women who placed a probiotic tablet in their vagina consistently for five weeks saw their rates for yeast infections drop by a whopping 87 percent. You’re wearing tight clothing.


This will almost certainly require a number of visits to your doctor to "fine tune" the treatment, and may require careful monitoring for side effects. Researchers will give healthy women a common antibiotic or a placebo. ” The imbalance in the system causes candida to overgrow. The high estrogen levels caused by pregnancy or hormone therapy can also cause it.

Clinical practice guidelines for the management of candidiasis: Eating yogurt with live active cultures can help your body fight off a yeast infection. Pain or discomfort during sexual intercourse. Nathan caveats that the correlation here is as of yet unproven. And it may seem like more of a hassle than taking a pill. They may prescribe an oral antifungal pill called fluconazole (Diflucan) for you to take during your course of antibiotics.