The external female genital area. This can be painful. Vaginal candidiasis is common, though more research is needed to understand how many women are affected. If you can, wear cotton underwear to bed or don’t wear any, and always wash and thoroughly dry your underwear before wearing them. 2 Sometimes, Candida can multiply and cause an infection if the environment inside the vagina changes in a way that encourages its growth.

Other infections such as bacterial vaginosis, trichomoniasis, gonorrhea, and chlamydia can cause similar symptoms. Some products provide an additional amount of cream that can be used on the vulvar area to help relieve itching. This may work for acute bacterial sinus infections, but not chronic fungal ones. Sex may be uncomfortable or painful. If left untreated, it can increase the risk for sexually transmitted diseases and pregnancy complications. This can make distinguishing between the two infections difficult.

  • However, if you're not sure if you've got a yeast infection or not, consider watching out for these six symptoms.
  • This type of yeast can be present in normal, healthy women in the vaginal canal.
  • In fact, it’s estimated that 3 out of 4 women will get more than two vaginal yeast infections in their lifetime.
  • But how do you know if what you're seeing — or feeling — is actually a yeast infection?
  • Candida arthritis is associated with pain, stiffness and swelling in your joints.
  • The biggest symptom is vaginal itching and irritation.
  • While redness and itching are the first signs of a yeast infection, symptoms can easily progress to swelling, warmth, and pain in the infected area, according to Marrinan.

Peeing is super painful. Your doctor can give you the right diagnosis so that you can be treated appropriately. Particularly, magnesium deficiency has been known to cause fatigue ( 14 ). Some even experience it 4 or more times in a year. Vaginal discharge. Data, though, is actually lacking to determine the true rate of vaginal yeast infections (4). It is often reported that 3 in 4 women will experience at least one vaginal yeast infection in their lifetime and 1 in 2 will have more than one. It may be hard to see on people with darker skin.

Girls who have diabetes that isn’t controlled are more likely to get yeast infections. Examining a swab of vaginal discharge under a microscope can reveal if high levels of yeast are present. Confirm with your doctor that your symptoms are indeed caused by a yeast infection before trying out essential oils as treatment. Your doctor may prescribe multiple doses over a period of days or weeks to treat severe or recurring yeast infections.

While yeast infections aren't a risk to your overall health, they're completely and utterly obnoxious. Candida can also cause bone infections, or osteomyelitis, which can cause pain and tenderness in the infected area ( 23 ). Yeast infections aren’t considered STIs, but they can still be contagious.

An infection that is spread by sexual contact, including chlamydia, gonorrhea, human papillomavirus (HPV), herpes, syphilis, and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV, the cause of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome [AIDS]).

Main Menu

Yeast infections are most likely to be noticeable just before or just after your menstrual period. If not, it could be a bacterial infection that requires antibiotics and a chat with your ob-gyn, like bacterial vaginosis or trichomoniasis. And, since the tissue in your vagina and labia becomes irritated and sore from a yeast infection, it can make sex and peeing painful, too.

The most common organism that causes yeast infections is known as Candida albicans.

What Are Vaginal Yeast Infections?

Symptoms can mimic other down-there conditions, such as bacterial vaginosis, or may be confused for an allergic reaction or sensitivity to a new kind of lotion, soap, or other product. This fungus may increase with illness, the use of antibiotics or changes to hormonal levels. A vaginal discharge is often present. About 3 out of 4 women will experience at least one yeast infection during their lifetimes. Tight underwear made of material such as nylon or Lycra that traps moisture and heat, especially in the summer. Everyone has a fungus called candida, which is typically found in the intestines, mouth, skin and the tissues around the genital areas.

But you can have a yeast infection with little to no discharge, or it could be thin and watery and indistinguishable from discharge that comes with other vaginal issues. It often strikes people whose hands are in water a lot. When you clean your intimate area, use a gentle, pH balanced wash and only on the vulva, and if you use a feminine moisturizer make sure that is also pH balanced. Most often, they are caused by various Candida species, specifically Candida albicans. Signs you may have a yeast infection:

Wear cotton underwear. Your doctor will examine your vaginal walls and cervix. It most commonly affects women, but men can get it too. Yeast infections are usually caused by an overgrowth of a type of fungus called Candida, also known as yeast. Your doctor will suspect an infection based on your symptoms. Common symptoms of thrush and candida esophagitis include:

Other Meredith Sites

It is spread through sex. Candidiasis may affect the skin. Women with immune-suppressing diseases such as diabetes and HIV infection also are at increased risk. Vaginal yeast infections can increase with: Burning and irritation usually accompany the intense itching. Yeast infection symptoms can range in severity, but they're pretty much guaranteed to always be uncomfortable.

  • Conditions that affect the function of the immune system, including diabetes, can increase a woman's risk of getting a yeast infection.
  • Other vaginal infections and discharges can be mistaken for a vaginal yeast infection.
  • Yeast infections can be treated either by placing medication into the vagina or by taking a pill.
  • Blood has a high pH (alkaline rather than acidic) which can kill the good bacteria in your vagina and leave yeast to grow out of control.
  • The appearance of the rash may be enough.
  • A physician should be contacted if a single course of nonprescription antifungal therapy is not effective and the vaginal yeast infection reoccurs.

In Fact, You Should Always See Your Doctor Before Trying Anything At Home.

Candida flourishes in warm, dark areas, such as the vagina or armpit. Your doctor will first conduct a pelvic exam, making note of any visible discharge, redness, and swelling. There may be severe redness, swelling, and itching, leading to skin fissures or sores. During pregnancy or menopause, when estrogen levels are low, your pH becomes less acidic, which allows some bacteria and yeast to multiply. But sometimes your yeast grows too much and leads to an infection.

Only 7-day topical yeast infection treatments are recommended by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) for the treatment of yeast infections in pregnant and diabetic women (consult your healthcare professional). Who gets vaginal candidiasis? Your doctor will also examine your cervix for swelling and redness, and your vaginal walls for dry, white spots. Instead of using a salt solution, the KOH test uses potassium hydroxide. With yeast testing kits, you can test the pH of your vaginal discharge to determine whether it’s acidic (likely yeast) or basic (possibly something else).


Yeast infections are a common worry for most women: Approximately 75 percent of all women will have at least one during her lifetime. What is a yeast infection?

For the vaginal wet mount, your doctor or a lab technician will mix a sample of your vaginal discharge with a salt solution, put it onto a glass slide, and look at it under a microscope. Yeast infection vs. Some infections may even go away on their own, Dr. BV is said to have a strong fishy odor too. Oral candidiasis is generally known as thrush. It’s easy to simply reach for the anti-fungal treatments at the first sign of irritation — and usually this does do the trick.

As women age, lack of estrogen causes the skin to thin, and this sometimes leads to discomfort, itching or discharge. Actually, yes. Some everyday vaginal itching is perfectly normal and may have nothing to do with a vaginal infection. It isn't anything like an STD. A type of vaginal infection caused by the overgrowth of a number of organisms that are normally found in the vagina. Some things that can cause changes in your vagina’s environment are: The symptoms of a vaginal yeast infection are familiar to many women: There are many underlying risk factors of a yeast infection, with sexual intercourse being just one of them.

  • Guys can get an infection of the head of the penis that is caused by the same Candida that causes vaginal infections in girls.
  • About a quarter of women will experience abraded skin or fissures in the skin, she adds.
  • The symptoms of a UTI are also different from a yeast infection.
  • Vaginitis is an inflammation of the vagina.
  • What can happen if you don't get treated for a yeast infection?
  • If you have never been diagnosed with a yeast infection, it’s important to see your doctor if you think you might have one.

The Active Bacteria In Yogurt Can Help Quell An Infection—but Not When You Eat It.

By definition, a yeast infection is inflammation in the vagina and vulva, the tissue surrounding the vagina. A lot of things can throw off the vagina's bacterial harmony and cause a yeast infection. So is your first yeast infection.

Simple changes in daily routines can help prevent future vaginal yeast infections. Also called yeast infection or moniliasis, a type of vaginitis caused by the overgrowth of a fungus. The “good” bacteria that normally reside in your gut are important for digestion, as they help process starches, fibers and some sugars. But vaginal yeast infections are very common in women. When, candida grows out of control, it causes a yeast infection. When this happens, Candida can infect bones and joints, causing pain, stiffness and swelling.

WebMD Network

Regular vaginal discharge is normal, and it can vary in odor and hue, ranging from clear to milky white, according to WebMD. The antibiotics kill normal vaginal bacteria, which keep yeast in check. If you start to notice more infections around your period try to avoid absorbent products like tampons, which give yeast and harmful bacteria a good surface to multiply. Vaginal discharge during a yeast infection typically becomes thick and white, and is described as resembling cottage cheese (sorry if that ruins cottage cheese for you). Why did I get a yeast infection? What are the different types of Pediatric Yeast Infections? A vaginal yeast infection is not considered to be a sexually transmitted disease (STD), since Candida may be present in the normal vagina, and the condition does occur in celibate women.

The use of probiotics in the vagina or by mouth along with using an antifungal medication may slightly increase the chance of curing a yeast infection, compared to using an antifungal medication alone (10). However, if the infection keeps coming back, sometimes the partner may be treated as well. Itching and a visible rash are the two most common symptoms of skin fungal infections. For most girls, there's no way to prevent yeast infections. This includes the external surface skin and the skin of the vagina, the penis, and the mouth. Although it’s much less common, Candida can also cause a urinary tract infection (UTI). Most of the time, it does not cause infection or symptoms.

Resources We

While a yeast infection is not an STI, having sex more frequently or with a new partner can change the vagina's pH and introduce new bacteria and fungus, explains Cackovic, altering the candida levels and causing an infection. Getting your first period is a right of passage for women, and guess what? Up to 40% of women seek alternatives to treat vaginal yeast infection. Yeast infections are ridiculously common. Instead, stay nice and fresh with a mild soap (like Summer's Eve Feminine Wash for Sensitive Skin, $13; ) and grab some fragrance-free detergent when it comes time to wash your underwear. Should I use an over-the-counter medication to treat a yeast infection?

OTC and Prescription Medications:

The Bottom Line

Knowing your body well and understanding your symptoms, causes, risk factors and treatment options will help you decide upon a course of action that is right for you. Too much sugar can up your risk. Most commonly, it is present without causing any symptoms or signs at all. In severe cases, though, women may experience swelling, redness, or painful sex and urination. Just because you don't have symptoms doesn't mean you don't have an infection. This happens when the balance of protective bacteria in the vagina is disturbed, either due to illness, hormonal changes, or taking certain medications, particularly antibiotics or immune-suppressing drugs.

This causes the lining of the vagina to become inflamed. When you get home, follow all the directions on the package carefully. With chronic infection, the skin can become leathery, thick, and gray or black. A slightly erythematous base is visible close to the center of the image, where some of the plaque was scraped off. Treatment options for yeast infection include: However, Yamaguchi does note that sometimes yeast infections can go away on their own. People with weakened immune systems may have more serious infections, however, and may need to be hospitalized.

Pet Care Essentials

It affects many parts of the body and is usually caused by an immune deficiency. That's true even though treatment is available over the counter. Candidemia may be present, but not in all cases. If the infection does not respond to nonprescription medications, an oral antifungal can be prescribed by the doctor. The groin area is especially prone to Candida overgrowth because of skin folds and moisture. Treatment for vagina thrush using antifungal medication is ineffective in up to 20% of cases. If you do get BV, remember you’re not alone.

To keep your risk to a minimum, these are the things anyone with a vagina absolutely should know about developing, recognizing, and getting rid of a yeast infection. All bodies have Candida — not just the female body. Don't take leftover antibiotics or someone else's antibiotics or medicine.

Drug Basics & Safety

“It is important to remember this can be seen with other infectious organisms beyond yeast, so diagnostic testing at the veterinarian’s office is required. The time in a woman’s life when menstruation stops; defined as the absence of menstrual periods for 1 year. People with oral thrush typically develop white, bumpy patches on their tongue, inner cheeks, gums, tonsils or throat ( 11 ).