Oral Thrush: Symptoms, Causes and Treatment

Mothers may pass vaginal yeast infections to babies as oral thrush during delivery or breastfeeding. Oral thrush is not usually contagious. If you wear dentures that don’t fit properly, aren’t removed at night, and aren’t kept clean, this could cause Candida overgrowth.

  • A vaginal or penile yeast infection may be contagious during anal, oral, or vaginal sex and can present as oral thrush, even if it started elsewhere.
  • The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) — the virus that causes AIDS — damages or destroys cells of your immune system, making you more susceptible to opportunistic infections that your body would normally resist.
  • Often, apart from the appearance of the lesions, there are usually no other signs or symptoms.
  • This might even change the flavor of the food that you eat, to the point where you might not even enjoy your favorite foods any more.
  • Both mother and child will need treatment if a thrush infection is diagnosed.
  • An individual’s ability to fight infection determines the severity of oral thrush and the fungal infection overall.
  • For oral thrush, a suspension of antifungal medication can be swished in the mouth and swallowed, or sometimes the doctor will have you dissolve an antifungal lozenge in the mouth.

Smear a small amount of gel on to the affected areas, with a clean finger, four times a day. Brush your teeth with a soft toothbrush to avoid scraping the bumps caused by thrush. But it can occur at any age. This is particularly important if you have dentures or have diabetes. Babies and the elderly are at higher risk because their immune systems are not as strong. Depending on the underlying cause, signs and symptoms may develop slowly or quickly and they may persist for days, weeks or even months.

Replace your toothbrush more frequently than the standard recommendation of every three months. These may include: Women who are pregnant, women taking birth control pills and those who experience persistent dry mouth (caused by systemic conditions or medications such as antidepressants) are more likely to develop a candidal infection. In this procedure, the back of your throat is swabbed with sterile cotton and the tissue sample cultured on a special medium to help determine what ich bacteria or fungi, if any, is causing your symptoms. Rochester, NY:

For babies, talk with your midwife, Plunket nurse, pharmacist or doctor about appropriate treatment options.

Oral Thrush

Dentures should always be removed and properly disinfected overnight. Prescribed antifungal medicines, which slow down the growth of yeast, are the standard treatment for thrush. A recent study has shown that oral thrush is five times more common in people with severe insulin-dependent diabetes (type 1) than the population at large. Excessive use of antibiotics: Smoking can also make symptoms worse. Complications of oral thrush In people with healthy immune systems, oral thrush rarely causes complications.

Candida species stain poorly by hematoxylin and eosin; therefore, staining with periodic acid-Schiff (PAS), Gridley stain, or Gomori methenamine silver (GMS) stain is in use [9]. Is the condition contagious? However, since yeast is normally there anyway, your doctor will want to be sure that it's Candida albicans that's causing the problem and not something else. It is the experience of the authors that some dentists prescribe oral antifungal agents for the management of noncandidiasis lesions such as geographic tongue or recurrent aphthous stomatitis.

This paper is discussing the various reasons facilitating the recurrence or treatment failure of oral candidiasis.

Considerations and Risk Factors

Otherwise, you're likely to pass the infection back and forth. Nystatin powder or ointments may be applied to the affected mucosa and/or inside the thoroughly cleaned dentures and worn. If you use a breast pump, rinse any of the detachable parts that come in contact with your milk in a vinegar and water solution. Does salt heal thrush? Persistent or recurrent thrush Persistent or recurrent cases of thrush may:. It typically appears as red patches underneath upper dentures. Usually, Candida does not cause infection, because its growth is held in check by normal bacteria and the body’s immune system.

C albicans causes thrush when normal host immunity or normal host flora is disrupted.


The symptoms of oral thrush are easy to recognize, much easier in fact than the symptoms of a more generalized Candida infestation. Summit medical group, furthermore, using pads, menstrual cups and tampons to manage menses may become very messy if you have yeast infection and period at the same time. Stabbing or stinging pain deep within the breast. Ways to help prevent candidiasis in the mouth and throat include: More than 20 types of Candida can cause infection with Candida albicans being the most common. Dentures may therefore become covered in a biofilm,[18] and act as reservoirs of infection,[7] continually re-infecting the mucosa.

In addition, patient education on the use of antifungal therapy is also essential. Thrush may also signal a previously undetected medical condition such as diabetes or, rarely, infection with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). You don't "catch" oral thrush; the yeast is already there. Depending on the underlying cause, signs and symptoms may develop suddenly and persist for a long time. Nystatin solution is used to rinse the mouth. Left untreated, a serious case of thrush can lead to a deadly C.

Infection of the tip of the penis (Glans Penis) with Candida bacteria is less common than Candidal Vaginitis. Use nursing pads. Pediatrics, 21st ed. Your healthcare provider may be able to diagnose thrush just from the appearance of the mouth sores (lesions). Take any anti-fungal medication you're prescribed exactly as your dentist or doctor tells you to. Normally, your immune system works to repel harmful invading organisms, such as viruses, bacteria and fungi, while maintaining a balance between "good" and "bad" microbes that normally inhabit your body. Anyone can develop oral thrush, but the infection is more common in some.

Looking After Your Mouth

An overgrowth of yeast can also can happen if your child has been on antibiotics. Got a yeast infection? try these easy home remedies, they may also ask if you’ve ever had an STI. Let them air dry after soaking. However, sometimes oral thrush is quite sore and can make eating and drinking uncomfortable. Wearing dentures , especially if they are not taken out at night, not kept clean, or do not fit well and rub on the gums. LGS may also lead to environmental allergies, causing the patient to respond to inhalants in their general environment. Signs and symptoms may include: The nipples and/or surrounding areas may appear reddened, dry, flaky or painful. It’s normal for a small amount of C.

Diagnosis of oral thrush Your doctor may be able to diagnose oral thrush simply by examining your mouth for the characteristic bumps that it causes. It is safe to swallow for treatment of candidiasis affecting the throat. It is characterized by a coating or individual patches of pseudomembranous white slough that can be easily wiped away to reveal erythematous (reddened), and sometimes minimally bleeding, mucosa beneath. Don’t gargle with the oil (for the very same reason). And apply lanolin lotion, which may help relieve nipple soreness. However, by using a different oil you can get all the possible benefits of oil pulling, plus the added bonus of a natural antifungal to destroy the Candida albicans in your mouth.

If you're not using disposable pads, wash the nursing pads and your bras in hot water with bleach.


Poor appetite. This can happen when a person’s immune system becomes weakened, if antibiotics affect the natural balance of microbes in the body, or for a variety of other reasons in other groups of people. Before your visit, write down questions you want answered.

Therefore, they must be disinfected as part of the treatment for oral candidiasis. Lack of patient’s instruction on the drug use may lead to suboptimal results. If your baby keeps getting oral thrush, especially if he or she is older than 9 months old, talk with your doctor because this might be a sign of another health issue. Candida symptoms, causes, plus 3 steps to treat naturally. Repeat three times a day for several days.

This can be serious. In extensive oral candidiasis, endoscopy is performed to see the extent of the lesions into the gastrointestinal tract. Individuals with HIV are prone to severe forms of thrush in their mouth or esophagus, as well as spread of the infection to the intestines. These measures may help reduce your risk of developing candida infections: The incidence of all forms of candidiasis have increased in recent decades. If your symptoms continue - see your GP. One of these is the fungus Candida albicans. As well as oral thrush that occurs in the mouth, there are also several other types of thrush that affect other parts of the body.


Breastfeeding mothers who have a baby with thrush may get a yeast infection on their breasts and nipples, causing pain while breastfeeding. So… vaginal itching from tampons is a real thing, however, sometimes both systemic and topical azole antifungal agents do not work (Danby et al 2020). This is the less common form. Oral thrush can be easily treated with medicines bought from a pharmacy, such as a mouth gel.

Pain in the breast or nipples during nursing. Auto-brewery syndrome, the steps are as follows:. This condition is known as Candida esophagitis. HIV infection.