Vaginal Yeast Infection Symptoms, Treatments, Home Remedies & Causes

There are precautions you can take to reduce the likelihood of yeast infections from occurring: Tampons can absorb medicine, so use pads if you are being treated with vaginal medicines during your period. It causes most cases of vaginal yeast infections. A severe infection calls for a longer treatment of a stronger oral or topical medication. How effective are home remedies for treating yeast infections? You may have other tests if you have vaginal yeast infections that are severe or that keep coming back (recur), such as: How are yeast infections treated? 8 Women who are prone to recurrent vulvovaginal candidiasis may have deficient cell-mediated immunity.

When you add a half cup of apple cider vinegar to a lukewarm bathtub and soak for 20 minutes, the acidic component of the vinegar can eliminate any harmful microorganisms, including yeast. Unfortunately, many doctors aren't aware of recommendations for maintenance therapy. Factors ranging from the type of yeast to whether a woman is pregnant must also be considered to assess risk and what treatments are most appropriate.

  • Do not apply this essential oil near your vagina.
  • There are alternative approaches to treating a yeast infection.
  • 4175 to schedule an appointment.

Your health care provider may tell you that you need to take medicine every month to prevent yeast infections. Treatment of vaginal yeast infection may include a tablet, topical cream or cream inserted into the vagina. Using antibiotics. It's very effective—about 90 percent of people do great during that six-month period of time. What is a vaginal yeast infection? Never self-treat unless you’ve talked to your health care provider.

Another oral medication that can be used in these cases is Nizoral (ketoconazole), which is taken for seven to 14 days, either once or twice daily, depending on your physician's recommendations. You can generally buy these online or at your local pharmacy. 7 View/Print Table TABLE 1 Possible Risk Factors for Recurrent Vulvovaginal Candidiasis Candida species Antibiotics Diabetes mellitus Contraceptives Immunodeficiency Mechanical irritation of vulvovaginal area Inadequate treatment Sexual transmission TABLE 1 Possible Risk Factors for Recurrent Vulvovaginal Candidiasis Candida species Antibiotics Diabetes mellitus Contraceptives Immunodeficiency Mechanical irritation of vulvovaginal area Inadequate treatment Sexual transmission Antibiotics are often implicated as a cause of recurrent vulvovaginal candidiasis. This is usually the first line of defense for women and “most women find this very helpful,” explains Jennifer Wider, MD, who specializes in women’s health.

Unfortunately, Dr.

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They're not considered sexually transmitted infections. Using certain types of birth control that contain estrogen can as well. Identifying the fungus can help your doctor prescribe more effective treatment for recurrent yeast infections. A yeast infection in the vagina is known as vulvovaginal candidiasis (pronounced: )This is because of its toxic nature. Low estrogen levels due to menopause, pregnancy, your menstrual cycle, hormone therapy, birth control pills, or gestational diabetes can disrupt your vagina’s bacterial balance. Similarly, persons with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome are susceptible to systemic candidal infection.

To diagnose a vaginal yeast infection, a healthcare provider will take a medical history, perform a physical examination, and perform diagnostic testing. Alternatively, it can be applied to a tampon before insertion. Some women also have a thick, clumpy, white discharge that has no odor and looks a little like cottage cheese.

Taking antibiotics sometimes causes this imbalance. There's this perception that natural is going to be better because it helps your body take care of the problem. Who gets vaginal candidiasis?

  • Do not rub to try to relieve itching.
  • Talk with your doctor before using an antifungal medicine along with warfarin.

After Yeast Infection Treatment

Don't douche or use deodorant tampons or feminine sprays, powders, or perfumes. There have been a bunch of probiotic studies—most of them don't show any benefit at all. They're available in packs that also include antifungal pessaries, intravaginal cream or capsules. Women who take oral contraceptive pills have a higher rate of vulvovaginal candidiasis. Wearing cotton underwear might help reduce the chances of getting a yeast infection.

Keep reading to find out about some popular home remedies for yeast infections. There is no evidence to support the use of special cleansing diets and colonic hydrotherapy for prevention. They’re meant to be inhaled as part of aromatherapy. Antifungal pills that are taken by mouth affect your entire body. Coconut oil is available to purchse online. Can these treatments make yeast infections worse?

How Is A Yeast Infection Diagnosed?

“The pill is a common culprit in the development of yeast infections. Other signs are burning, redness, and irritation of the vaginal area. Soaking a tampon in tea tree oil and wearing it can help fight a yeast infection. Essential oil of oregano Common oregano, or Origanum marjoram, is what you usually find in your grocery store’s spice section. The symptoms of a vaginal yeast infection include:

You can use an antifungal cream or a suppository that you put into your vagina. This can happen if: While your healthcare provider can point you to prescription and over-the-counter yeast infection treatments, there are some science-backed natural remedies to consider as well. Can yeast infections cause serious problems? MONISTAT® is available in 3 strengths, giving you the choice of a 1, 3, or 7-day treatment. “How do I get rid of this as fast as humanly possible? Although they can bother you a lot, they are not usually serious. It has surface active agents derived from organic raw material which keep the skin protected and moisturized.

But there's no scientific proof that this will prevent yeast infections. And really, is that a risk you want to take with your vagina when there are more proven remedies out there? Its antimicrobial properties make it a potentially effective topical treatment for yeast overgrowth. If you are pregnant, it is important to be evaluated for vaginal symptoms.

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If you would prefer not to use pessaries or intravaginal cream, antifungal capsules are available. This is especially true if you have diabetes because you are more at risk of the yeast infection spreading. You may feel more comfortable if you wear breathable cotton underwear and clothes and avoid vaginal sprays and douches. Thus, vaginal yeast infections can be avoided as well as treated at-home by following certain basic remedies. OTC and prescription medications include: They will ask you about other symptoms you’re experiencing, such as burning and painful urination. Essential oils should not be taken orally.

"It's less messy than a cream.

It is important to be seen when symptoms are present and before any treatment is used. Three, five, and seven day creams and suppositories are available. It's easy to guess wrong about a vaginal infection. When using one of these products, you may want to talk to your doctor about alternatives to prevent sexually transmitted infections and pregnancy. A quick internet search calls up a treasure trove of trendy home remedies for yeast infections, from apple cider vinegar (“ACV” to those in the know) to essential oils. Probiotics are best taken with food. Or your doctor may prescribe a medicine to treat the infection. Monistat and generic versions of this medicine (Miconazole) will successfully treat most vaginal yeast infections.

Do not wear tight clothing.

What should I do if I get repeat yeast infections?

They’ll also look at the surrounding area for external signs of infection. The pill is especially good if you don’t want to put cream inside of your vagina. “This disruption may cause a yeast infection.  However, oral fluconazole should not be taken if you are pregnant, as it can cause birth defects. You need a prescription from your doctor to get the yeast infection pill.

Just like any other thing you put in your vagina, the most common side effects are going to be burning and irritation.

The rash can be controlled by frequent changing and, if needed, medicated powders. One benefit of a suppository is that it's less messy than a vaginal cream and less likely to ooze out during the day. The issue is that about half the time, once patients stop treatment, the infection comes back. Using wild oregano oil was shown in some research to halt or inhibit the growth of Candida albicans. Yeast (a kind of fungus) also lives in the vagina in small numbers.


Vaginal candidiasis is common, though more research is needed to understand how many women are affected. BV Bacterial vaginosis (BV) is the most common type of vaginal infection in women between the ages of 15 and 44. But before trying any alternative treatments, it's best to check with your doctor.

Should I call my doctor or nurse if I think I have a yeast infection?

Vaginal thrush isn't classed as a sexually transmitted infection (STI), so sexual partners don't need to be informed, tested or treated if they don't have any symptoms. It’s important to treat yeast infection early, especially if you’re pregnant, so that you can prevent any such complications. Knowing what symptoms to watch for, and which yeast infection treatment to use, can keep the infection from lingering. In most women, there is no underlying disease or event that leads to a yeast infection. Do not douche. A yeast infection causes itching or soreness in the vagina and sometimes causes pain or burning when you urinate or have sex. Your doctor might prescribe an antifungal medication taken daily for up to two weeks, followed by once a week for six months. We urge all our customers to always consult a physician or a certified medical professional before trying or using a new medical product.

But sexual contact sometimes leads to yeast infections — your body chemistry can have a bad reaction to another person’s natural genital yeast and bacteria, which causes yeast to grow. Treating a yeast infection with a vaginal cream or suppository poses no major risks. It contains thymol and carvacrol, which are powerful antifungals.


Many home remedies are safe for the most people with yeast infections. If you have recurring yeast infections, your doctor may recommend 10 to 14 days of treatment with a clotrimazole vaginal suppository or oral Diflucan pill, then weekly doses of Diflucan for six months. Other anti-yeast vaginal creams need a prescription. For best results, please make sure your browser is accepting cookies. If you’ve had a yeast infection and would rather never have one ever again, try switching to 100 percent cotton underwear, recommends Dr Wider.

“It’s best used on the skin or topically. Don't treat it yourself. 7% Non-albicans Candida (8 species): However, be sure to change out of wet swimwear or sweaty exercise clothes as soon as possible. Yeast infection vs.

The Takeaway

Women are more prone to genital yeast infections, with 75 percent experiencing at least one in their lives. These products are generally considered safe to use if you are pregnant. How is a vaginal yeast infection diagnosed? For a single, uncomplicated infection, an over-the-counter antifungal medication, like Monistat, may be sufficient. This results in itching, burning, swelling, pain when you pee, and thick cottage cheese-like discharge—the telltale signs of a yeast infection.

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Because of its antifungal properties, suppositories containing tea tree oil can treat vaginal fungal infections. And whether they do or not, can they be dangerous? So it makes sense, then, that you’d want to do everything you can to get rid of one ASAP. Having high estrogen levels (hyperestrogenemia), such as during pregnancy, hormone therapy (HT or ET) use, high-dose birth control pill use, and the menstrual cycle. You are not sure that you have a yeast infection. Boric acid vaginal suppositories are effective against vaginal yeast infection. You may prefer to take pills rather than use medicine that is inserted into the vagina.

However, actually eating yogurt may be a more helpful way of preventing yeast infections, Dr.

Your doctor may send a sample of vaginal fluid for testing to determine the type of fungus causing the yeast infection. This can happen because of hormones, medicines, or changes in the immune system. Even unsweetened yogurt has natural sugars, which can fuel yeast growth and might make matters worse.

  • “Shower after exercise, avoid super tight clothing, don’t sit around in a wet bathing suit, and don’t wear a pantiliner every day since it can trap moisture,” she says.
  • 16 If an infection recurs at least three months after the previous episode, it is more likely to be caused by a different C.
  • Some come with external wipes that are meant to be used in combination with the treatment to calm itch.
  • “Candida is normally found in the vagina and is in balance with other microorganisms,” Brighten says.
  • But yeast in the vagina can sometimes "overgrow" and lead to symptoms of a yeast infection.
  • Greek yogurt Probiotics can be effective against C.

What About Pregnancy?

There are many lifestyle changes you can make to help speed the clearing of an infection and prevent a recurrence. Boric acid capsules used vaginally for 2 weeks are about 70% effective at curing a yeast infection, but can cause irritation (6,9). Oral medication isn't recommended if you're pregnant. The main types used to treat thrush are: Taking probiotics can help you avoid yeast infections caused by certain antibiotics. For those with sensitive skin, this may not be a good choice. Condom or oral dam use can prevent the passing of yeast to and from your sexual partner. It is also known to maintain healthy levels of the vaginal good bacteria.

What over-the-counter (OTC) medications are used for the treatment of vaginal yeast infection?

“Vaginal boric acid capsules have been used for decades in combatting chronic yeast infections,” Dr. See your doctor again if treatment doesn't resolve your symptoms or if your symptoms return within two months. Fortunately, the infections respond well to over-the-counter antifungal creams or suppositories, so if you’re sure you have a yeast infection, go ahead and try an OTC yeast infection medication like Monistat or yeast arrest suppositories, which contain boric acid, a mild antiseptic. It should be clean and dry and changed on a daily basis. Test vaginal secretions.

2 Vulvovaginal candidiasis is considered recurrent when at least four discrete episodes occur in one year or at least three episodes occur in one year and are not related to antibiotic therapy. It is important to see a doctor for a pelvic examination. 9 Diabetes mellitus is often considered a predisposing factor for recurrent vulvovaginal candidiasis. No matter which yeast infection treatment you try, see your doctor if your symptoms don't clear up after you finish it.

  • All content found on our website, including images, videos, infographics and text were created solely for informational purposes.
  • So far there is no evidence for this connection.
  • Yeast infection in men While vaginal yeast infections are more common, it’s possible for men to get yeast infections, too.
  • You may be able to tell the condition is more than just a diaper rash if your baby’s skin is extremely red and has spots in the diaper/groin area, despite using diaper rash cream.
  • Probiotic suppositories and supplements Probiotics help restore the bacteria-yeast balance throughout your body.
  • However, it’s worth pointing out that these suppositories can irritate your skin.
  • But the authors had very little confidence in this conclusion given that the quality of the evidence was low or very low.

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Only use antibiotics when necessary. The oil of oregano has antifungal properties. Also call your doctor if you have persistent irritation that’s separate from your yeast infection symptoms.

Antifungal medications — which are available as creams, ointments, tablets and suppositories — include miconazole (Monistat 3) and terconazole. However, eating yogurt alone will not cure or prevent vaginal yeast infections. Common diaper rash in infants and toddlers is most often a superficial infection caused by the same fungi as other yeast infections in moist parts of the body. Most healthy vaginas have yeast. Whether oral or vaginal medicine is recommended.

What Else Do You Need To Make Your Decision?

People should not leave a medicated tampon in for more than 6 hours. Tea tree oil Tea tree oil is an essential oil that’s used to kill fungi, bacteria, and viruses. Douching is not effective for treating yeast, and can actually increase the risk of getting STIs, HIV, pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) and other vaginal infections like bacterial vaginosis (9,11,12). Use of a boric acid suppository is accepted as a treatment for Candida species other than the most common one, Candida albicans, which responds well to the usual treatments.

15 The recurrence rates in the treated and untreated partner groups were found to be similar at six months and one year. How can you avoid vaginal yeast infections? They probably don’t make them worse; I don't think it really makes a difference. Frequent antibiotic use decreases protective vaginal flora and allows colonization by Candida species. Also available online:

One review published in the Journal of Women’s Health found that boric acid supplements were safe and effective in curing anywhere from 40 to 100 percent of vaginal yeast infections, which is a pretty big range.

Can I get a yeast infection from breastfeeding?

See your doctor if your yeast infection symptoms don’t improve after your period ends. This complex system includes your urethra, as well as your bladder and kidneys. While yeast infections in babies are usually harmless, they can lead to more serious infections when left untreated. To manage more-severe symptoms, you might take two single doses three days apart. This is done to stop the symptoms from developing, or if you get a lot of infections you may be told that you need to take oral pills for up to 6 months. You should stick with adding garlic in foods. You won’t “catch” the infection by air or by using the same shower as someone with the infection, for example.

When it affects the penis, this is known as a penile yeast infection. Reliance on the information provided on our website as a basis for patient treatment is solely at your own risk. “Most of it doesn’t work, and a lot of it will cause problems,” she adds. Avoid tight-fitting clothing, such as panty hose, and tight-fitting jeans.

Your self-treatment is not working after one complete course of therapy. They may also give you a prescription you can use whenever the symptoms return, or suggest trying a longer course of treatment lasting up to six months. ” However, studies are pretty inconsistent on whether this actually works to treat a vaginal yeast infection, she points out. Vaginal suppositories containing tea tree oil have been shown to treat vaginal fungal infections. We’re just going to state the obvious: Left untreated, yeast infections will usually go away on their own, but the severe itching can be hard to tolerate for some. Limit the amount of sugar and processed foods you consume. You’ll want to see your doctor if you’re pregnant and suspect a yeast infection so that you can get the right diagnosis.

However, a positive fungal culture does not always mean that Candida is causing symptoms because some women can have Candida in the vagina without having any symptoms.

Inside Children's Health:

Right off the bat, Dr. Some investigators have advocated the elimination of Candida from the gastrointestinal tract. About 5-8% of the reproductive age female population will have four or more episodes of symptomatic Candida infection per year; this condition is called recurrent vulvovaginal candidiasis (RVVC). For example, about half of C. The oil has many health benefits, including antifungal properties.

Do these old wives tales really work? Oral supplements take about 10 days to reach full effect, so some women use probiotics as vaginal suppositories to see results more quickly. The problem was that if you looked at the actual results, it's hard to know which patients really got better. Capsules containing oil of oregano may be inserted into the vagina at night.