For some, it causes a serious loss of confidence which can make exercise and sex very difficult. Antifungal skin cream or moisturisers can normally be used safely if you're pregnant or breastfeeding and the area around the entrance to your vagina is sore or itchy. Wearing tight jeans or nylon panties or pantyhose which restrict the air flow around the vagina creates just such an environment.

Thrush is more common during pregnancy and in people who have diabetes or HIV. This is to make sure that thrush is the root cause of your discomfort. For people with diabetes, keeping blood sugar levels under control will certainly help to reduce the frequency and severity of outbreaks of yeast infections. To reduce your risk of vaginal yeast infections, wear underwear that has a cotton crotch and doesn't fit too tightly. It's a good idea to get medical advice from your GP or a sexual health clinic if: Most cases of vaginal thrush can be treated following a consultation with your Unichem Pharmacist, however, you should seek your doctor’s advice if:

  • Immunocompromised individuals with VVT require routine antifungal treatment but for seven to forteen days.
  • Thrush is caused by an overgrowth of yeast known as Candida Albicans.

Or, if you wear tight clothing, this can also encourage thrush to develop. Special infection centres can provide treatment even if your own GP cannot. Newer formulations include butoconazole and terconazole creams. For some unknown reasons, if the vaginal environment changes, the Candida flourish, proliferate to large numbers, colonise the vagina and become pathogenic causing the signs and symptoms of thrush. You should notice that symptoms disappear after just a few days of use. Recurrent vulvovaginal candidiasis is usually thought to be caused by host factors, rather than resistant strains.

  • Thrush is commonly seen in infants.
  • That is why thrush is less common among circumcised men.
  • If you have recurrent yeast infections — four or more within a year — you may need a longer treatment course and a maintenance plan.
  • Every step is agonising and it’s hard to resist the urge to scratch your genitals incessantly.
  • Some of these germs are actually helpful to us - for instance, 'friendly' bacteria in the gut help us to digest our food.

Related Sites

However, people should avoid unprotected sex with a partner who has thrush until treatment has cleared up the infection. The fungus, called Candida, occurs naturally in the body, particularly in warm, moist areas such as the mouth and genitals. It tends to reduce in amount after menopause. After sex, wipe yourself so you are clean and dry. It is not considered a sexually transmitted infection. The diagnosis is usually made based on your description of your symptoms and an examination by a doctor or nurse. If left untreated, these conditions can increase your risk of getting other STIs and can lead to problems getting pregnant.

The most common symptoms are: Don't give her leftover antibiotics or someone else's antibiotics or medicine because they be the wrong choice for your daughter's condition. How can thrush be prevented? How can you Prevent Vaginal Candidiasis? Other medications that can be used for uncomplicated VVT include miconazole, econazole, and nystatin available as cream or vaginal pessaries. Certain bacteria (lactobacillus) act to prevent an overgrowth of yeast. Chlamydia is diagnosed using either a swab or urine test. Reasons why treatment may fail include:

It’s important to know that some vaginal creams and pessaries may weaken the latex of rubber condoms. Symptoms include vulval discomfort and itch and vaginal discharge which can be white, thick and curdy in nature In men it can present with a balanitis with an associated itch. Treatment may need to be continued for longer if you have repeated bouts of thrush. And taking antibiotics when they are not needed can make yeast infections more likely. People who get recurrent yeast infections often try probiotics and other alternative treatments containing Lactobacillus bacteria. Others find their self-esteem and confidence suffers when the condition flares up. Doing so may reduce the likelihood of candidiasis and other more potentially serious diseases. Candida can lead to genital symptoms in men and women.

You're more likely to get thrush if you:

Home Remedies

Candida infections are the major cause of diaper rash in children. Thrush can be triggered by taking a course of antibiotics, pre-menstrual changes in vaginal acid balance, hot weather or wearing tight-fitting synthetic clothes. Please login or register to read the rest of the article and to have access to downloads and comments. Vaginal thrush is an infection of the vagina and/or vulva with a yeast germ called candida.

What Are The Symptoms Of Vaginal Thrush?

Sometimes, if a man with weakened immunity develops thrush, he may need to go to the hospital as a precaution. While you have thrush and during treatment it’s important to: CKS found no evidence or national guidelines specifically on treatment failure of severe vulvovaginal candidiasis. A single drop of 10% potassium hydroxide (KOH) solution is then added to the specimen.

They contain anti-yeast medicines such as clotrimazole, econazole, miconazole or fenticonazole. Vulvovaginal candidiasis refers to vaginal and vulval symptoms caused by a yeast, most often Candida albicans. Consistency with other providers of clinical knowledge for primary care. Topical and oral treatments have similar efficacy. However, one study showed that only 33%1 of women made the correct diagnosis – the rest did not actually have vaginal thrush. It is most likely to occur in babies, toddlers, the elderly and people with compromised immunity such as HIV or cancer patients. However, about 1 in 10 bouts of thrush are caused by other strains of Candida spp. This CKS topic is largely based on expert opinion in the British Association of Sexual Health and HIV (BASHH) Guideline on the management of vulvovaginal candidiasis [ BASHH, 2020b ], the joint Faculty of Sexual and Reproductive Healthcare (FSRH) and BASHH guideline Management of vaginal discharge in non-genitourinary medicine settings [ FSRH, 2020 ], the joint Royal College of General Practitioners (RCGP) Sex, Drugs and HIV Task Group and BASHH guideline Sexually transmitted infections in primary care [ RCGP, 2020 ], and the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) guideline Vulvovaginal candidiasis [ CDC, 2020 ], and expert opinion in review articles on vulvovaginal conditions.


Routine blood tests don’t detect thrush. It is not classed as a sexually transmitted infection (STI). This is because the symptoms can be similar to those of a sexually transmitted infection (STI).

If the acidity and bacterial balance in the vagina or mouth is upset then thrush may develop. The best way to prevent thrush is to identify what triggers the condition for you. Use plenty of lubricant to protect your skin. There are many factors that may trigger an attack of vaginal thrush:

You may also want to rub some anti-yeast cream on to the skin around the vagina for a few days, especially if it is itchy. For more on thrush and similar conditions, visit Independent Nurse's Women's Health section Genital thrush is extremely common with 75% of women having at least one episode in their lifetime. They may also change each time you get thrush, so watch out for these common symptoms and whether your symptoms are mild, moderate or more complicated. Your GP will be able to tell the difference. Thrush is not considered to be a sexually transmitted infection, although occasionally it is passed on during sex.

How would I know if I have a yeast infection?

Where can I get a test? 4 million doctor office visits every year for candidiasis. Redness (erythema) - usually around the vagina and vulva, but may extend to the labia majora and perineum. These can then be treated if needed. Vaginitis (Web Page).

Just so you know, thrush is not a sexually transmitted infection. Thrush is caused when there is an overgrowth of Candida. The severity of candidiasis is directly related to the severity of immune suppression. If the natural pH balance is altered, the level of yeast increases and can develop into a thrush infection.

Other species pathogenic in humans include C.


Some vaginal creams can weaken condoms, so apply the treatments after you have had sex if you are using condoms, or use alternative forms of contraception. Symptoms often occur in the second half of the menstrual cycle when there is also more progesterone. Risk factors that make candidiasis more likely include: For information about thrush infections of the groin go to our male groin - irritation and infection page. The condition can affect both women and men. What treatments are available for thrush (candida)? Other names for thrush include yeast infection, Candida, candidiasis, candidal balanitis, and formerly, moniliasis. You can buy effective treatments without a prescription from pharmacies.

Thrush can affect other areas of skin, such as the armpits, groin and between the fingers, causing a red, itchy or painful rash. It can be a frustrating condition for patients, with significant morbidity and impact on psychological well-being. Avoiding washing underwear with biological washing powders or liquids and avoiding the use of fabric conditioners. Antibiotic medicines. Don’t use sprays, soaps, oils, disinfectants, shower gels or deodorants around the affected area, as these can cause further irritation. Do not take these treatments if you are pregnant or breast-feeding. For people with controlled diabetes or HIV, manage uncomplicated, severe, and recurrent infections as for women without diabetes or HIV.

Candidiasis (Thrush)

FOR SOME women thrush is just a minor annoyance but for others it is devastatingly uncomfortable. What causes vaginal thrush? Seeing a health professional who understands the complexities of this condition can be helpful, along with setting realistic expectations about management.

During sexual intercourse use a personal lubricant if necessary to ensure that there is no dryness or friction which can exacerbate thrush. Symptoms of vaginal thrush may include: Rinsing the mouth with chlorhexidine (CHX) mouthwash may help prevent infections in people with weakened immune systems. Vaginal thrush isn't classed as a sexually transmitted infection (STI), so sexual partners don't need to be informed, tested or treated if they don't have any symptoms.

How Effective Is The Treatment?

Women who suspect they may have trichomoniasis or a vaginal infection should visit their doctor. Vaginal thrush signs and symptoms include the following: Symptoms of vaginal thrush include: A combination of the above The nurse or doctor you see will give you directions on using the thrust treatment. Alternative modes of treatment such as oral consumption of lactobacilli in yoghurt, use of tea tree oil, dietary modification (elimination of high sugar foods and foods containing yeast) have not been proven to prevent or treat thrush and should therefore not be self-prescribed without first seeing you doctor. Urine may also be checked for infection, as sometimes it can be difficult to distinguish between a urine infection and thrush. It was revised again by Bridget Dillon and the Editorial Committee in September 2020. If you've had thrush before and think you have it again, you can normally treat it with medication bought from a local pharmacy.

Thrush is not due to poor hygiene. It’s not always necessary to have a test for thrush. If your immune system is not working normally. However, the normal conditions of the vagina may be altered by excess washing and rinsing out (douching) of the vagina, bubble baths, scented soaps, spermicides, etc. Samples are taken simply by wiping the swab over the areas that may be affected. It is common in women of reproductive age group between 20–40 years and therefore reproductive hormones, particularly oestrogen, is thought to enhance the proliferation and attachment of Candida to the vaginal inner lining. Thrush generally has no long-term health complications and is likely to resolve on its own. These are the same OTC medications used to treat athlete’s foot and female yeast infections.

Candidiasis or thrush, is caused by the overgrowth of yeast-like fungi called Candida. Polyurethane forms of contraception are unaffected though. Asymptomatic male partners do not require treatment for thrush. The symptoms of vaginal thrush include vulval itching, vulval soreness and irritation, pain or discomfort during sexual intercourse (superficial dyspareunia), pain or discomfort during urination (dysuria) and vaginal discharge, which is usually odourless. But there's no scientific proof that doing these things prevents yeast infections. The infection it causes is called candidiasis.