Yeast infections: Causes, symptoms, and treatment

When should I call my healthcare provider? In some cases, another symptom of a vaginal yeast infection can be pain during sex. Has anyone used apple cider vinegar for yeast infections?, if you have a yeast infection, your vagina might itch in your labia (vaginal lips) or inside your vagina. Just thinking about the seemingly endless itching could make you wiggle in your seat. If you have a disease, like HIV or AIDS, your medications can suppress your immune system.

Tips to help you get the most from a visit to your healthcare provider: About 90 percent of the patients I see (people who are sick, have autoimmunity disorders, leaky gut, etc.) “Yeast infection” is the term typically used to describe vaginal candidiasis. This means your contraception might not work. Use of antibiotics.

  • One option is a one-time treatment of a prescription or an over-the-counter medication such as butoconazole (Gynazole-1), clotrimazole (Gyne-Lotrimin), miconazole (Monistat 3), and terconazole (Terazol 3).
  • Research shows that a vaginal suppository containing tea tree oil may help treat vaginal infections.
  • You may want to switch to wearing skirts or loose pants at least until the infection is cleared.
  • What to expect Most home remedies bring relief within a few days.
  • Yeast infections in the vagina can be cured with pills or with medication inserted into the vagina, such as creams or suppositories.
  • You should also consider adding apple cider vinegar to your diet.

Certain bacteria (lactobacillus) act to prevent an overgrowth of yeast. Boric acid vaginal suppositories may also be used with medications to treat vaginal infections. Usually there are smaller red patches of skin surrounding the main rash. What causes a yeast infection? Some doctors recommend adding yogurt and/or cranberry juice to the diet to help restore a normal vaginal environment that will not favor the overgrowth of fungus. Once the patient is able to recognize the symptoms of a typical yeast infection, future infections can be treated using nonprescription vaginal antifungal medication, such as clotrimazole or miconazole. Vaginal yeast infections (thrush): what helps?, a 2020 study found oregano essential oil to be effective in altering thegrowth of C. The vagina normally contains a healthy balance of bacteria and yeast. 7% Non-albicans Candida (8 species):

  • This usually causes a red, itchy or painful rash that scales over with white or yellow discharge.
  • Candida albicans is a common fungus often harbored in the mouth, digestive tract, or vagina without causing adverse symptoms.


Yeast infections are treated with medicated ointments or other anti-yeast (antifungal) preparations. But when the body produces too much yeast, leading to an overgrowth, infection can occur. It can make it hard or painful to swallow. Candidiasis (vulvovaginal). Any of the above could indicate that you need a stronger approach to fighting off the fungus once and for all. 15 home remedies to get rid of oral thrush, for example, a transient erythematous candidiasis that developed after antibiotic therapy usually resolves after antibiotics are stopped (but not always immediately),[15] and therefore carries an excellent prognosis—but candidiasis may occasionally be a sign of more sinister undiagnosed pathology, such as HIV/AIDS or leukemia. The fungus most commonly associated with vaginal yeast infection is called Candida albicans, which account for up to 92% of all cases, with the remainder due to other species of Candida. It’s important that you take the medicine for the whole time that your doctor prescribes.

If your symptoms continue, you can use nonprescription medicine. Yeast infections are not considered to be sexually transmitted—someone can get a yeast infection without ever having had sex— but frequent and recent penis-in-vagina or oral-vulva sex may increase the risk of getting a yeast infection (5). Are sure your symptoms are caused by a vaginal yeast infection. A 2020 review of research found that certain types of probiotics may combat some of the yeasts that cause vaginal yeast infection. Symptoms you should look for: This means cutting out vinegar, beer, wine, mushrooms (as part of the fungi family, they can cross-react with Candida) and sugar, refined carbs, processed foods.

Next Steps

If you use a cream, then you should not use tampons during the treatment since it will absorb the medication and make it less effective. Yeast infections and sex, but for me, those thoughts had never included Am I going to give my boyfriend a yeast infection? Side effects can include nausea, headaches, and belly pain. Using feminine hygiene sprays, talcs, or perfumes in the vaginal area. Some of these are available to buy online, including clotrimazole, Monistat 3, and terconazole. This overgrowth results from a change in the acidic environment in the vagina, allowing the Candida to grow unchecked by protective bacteria.

You can use an antifungal cream or a suppository that you put into your vagina. Condom or oral dam use can prevent the passing of yeast to and from your sexual partner. A thick, white vaginal discharge with the consistency of cottage cheese. Wipe from front to back after using the toilet.

Fluconazole (Diflucan):

However, extreme caution must be used when using tea tree oil, as it can irritate the skin, and the vaginal walls are particularly sensitive. While the reviewers flagged issues with several of the studies they cited, many people report relief from: Wear pantyhose with a cotton crotch.


While it’s possible to have one or the other, or even both infections at the same time, UTIs and yeast infections are two different conditions. Yeast can also “overgrow” in warm or humid conditions. Many girls find that yeast infections tend to show up right before they get their periods because of the hormonal changes that come with the menstrual cycle.

Vaginal Yeast Infection Home Remedies

As an alternative to eating garlic, some women have tried using garlic internally. That's because you might be battling another issue​​ – like a skin irritation​ – and by using a topical treatment, you could upset the body's natural defense against yeast. Vaginal yeast infections are typically caused by the yeast species Candida albicans.

Learn About Your Body And Women’s Health

All of these items come in contact with the vagina and have the potential to disrupt pH balance—particularly anything that’s inserted vaginally. Keep reading to find out about some popular home remedies for yeast infections. Vaginal yeast infections can also occur as a result of injury to the inner vagina, such as after chemotherapy. The symptoms may not be caused by Candida albicans, in which case no antifungal medication will successfully treat the vaginitis. Women with weak immune systems or other medical problems may need longer treatment. Many home remedies are safe for the most people with yeast infections.

How is yeast infection treated? Know why a new medicine or treatment is prescribed, and how it will help you. Clothing (especially underwear) that is too tight or made of materials like nylon that trap heat and moisture might make yeast infections more likely because yeast can thrive in this type of environment.

Can Yeast Infections Cause Serious Problems?

Some vaginal infections, such as bacterial vaginosis, gonorrhea, or chlamydia, may increase your risk of complications during pregnancy. The symptoms of a yeast infection depend on where it happens on your body. Do not wear tight-fitting or synthetic-fiber clothes.

Yeast infections are treated with a pill that you swallow, or with a vaginal cream or vaginal suppository (a partially solid material that you insert into your vagina, where it dissolves and releases medicine). Another oral medication that can be used in these cases is Nizoral (ketoconazole), which is taken for seven to 14 days, either once or twice daily, depending on your physician's recommendations. Probiotic suppositories have also been shown to be effective for treating vaginosis, according to Harvard Health. Topical antifungals are safe to use during pregnancy. Skip underwear, says Ramani Durvasula, PhD, a professor of psychology at California State University, Los Angeles. The vagina is a self-cleaning oven, so the best thing is nothing if you can. Instead of going to their doctors, many women can now go to the drugstore to find relief. In fact, it’s estimated that 3 out of 4 women will get more than two vaginal yeast infections in their lifetime.

These symptoms are similar to those of other types of vaginal infections, which are treated with different types of medicines. It’s best to not have sex until a yeast infection is gone because sex can cause more discomfort, and the vaginal creams and suppositories may weaken latex condoms. And if you expose your hoo-ha to super-moist environments—say, working out in sweaty underwear or swimming in a pool—you’re going to increase your chances too. Four or more infections may arise in one year. This disorder typically occurs in people with diabetes or a weakened immune system or in otherwise healthy people whose hands are subjected to frequent wetting or washing. Stopping early can mean that the most resistant yeast will multiply.


What’s key is if you experience other hallmark symptoms too, such as redness, burning, and itchiness. Call your doctor immediately if you: Also call your doctor if you have persistent irritation that’s separate from your yeast infection symptoms. A yeast infection may clear up on its own. See your doctor if the symptoms persist. Treatment for thrush is considered to have failed if the symptoms do not clear within 7–14 days. Overgrowth of yeast can result from: Don’t have vaginal or oral sex, or put anything into your vagina, until you’ve finished treatment and your infection goes away.

When To Avoid Home Remedies

Contains allicin, a sulphur-containing compound with specific-to-Candida anti-fungal properties. It might also help to avoid: What is a vaginal yeast infection? Symptoms of candidiasis vary, depending on the location of the infection. You may have other tests if you have vaginal yeast infections that are severe or that keep coming back (recur), such as: When the reaction causes irritation, that can set the stage for a yeast infection. Doing so leaves you more prone to a reoccurrence of the yeast infection. Although a yeast infection can be detected during a routine Pap test, this type of test is not typically done to diagnose vaginal infections.

Look for oil of oregano made from wild oregano, or Origanum vulgare, like the one here. Thrush in men symptoms & treatments, while you may be hesitant to see a doctor for minor symptoms like genital itching, a urologist, primary care physician, or an urgent care center can diagnose and treat this condition, while ruling out other infections like sexually transmitted diseases. The use of douches or perfumed vaginal hygiene sprays may also increase a woman's risk of developing a vaginal yeast infection. To diagnose a yeast infection, a healthcare provider will ask about symptoms and do a pelvic exam. These infections are the second most common cause of vaginitis.

Related Institutes & Services

When you take an antibiotic medication that’s treating an infection of any type—a urinary tract infection (UTI) is one example. If you think you have an infection, call your doctor for advice. The medication may be somewhat messy and you may need to wear a sanitary napkin during treatment.

Complicated VVC includes recurrent or severe disease, or when there are adverse factors in the host. Also know what the side effects are. This is sometimes only clear after eradication and even then symptoms can be very slow to settle. Some websites recommend inserting garlic in the vagina, but burns and significant pain have been reported.

This may help keep the bacteria that normally live in your rectum from getting into your vagina. You may also pass on a yeast infection to your baby’s mouth during breastfeeding if Candida overgrowth is present in the breast area. Talk to your health care provider about whether you should use a polyurethane condom or not have sex.